Christian Peacemaker Teams - Turn your Faith into Action for Peace https://cpt.org/ en VIAL 15 Davası Raporu https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/22/vial-15-davasi-raporu <span>VIAL 15 Davası Raporu</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/63" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Hannah</span></span> <span>Thu, 07/22/2021 - 06:23</span> <div><p>22 Temmuz 2021</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="397" src="/sites/default/files/signal-2021-06-22-091957.jpeg" width="800" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>[<a href="https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/22/ams-report-trial-vial-15">Read in English</a>]</p> <p>[<a href="https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/22/gia-tin-diki-ton-15-tis-bial">Διαβάστε στα ελληνικά</a>]</p> <p>AMS olarak, göç ve göçmenlerin suçlu sayılmasının Yunanistan ve Avrupa Birliği'nin göçü "yönetme" yönteminin temel taşı olduğuna inanıyoruz. Mahkeme salonlarının duvarlarına bugüne kadar birçok karanlık sayfa yazıldı. Bu nedenle, yargılamalarda gözlemcilerin bulunması, usulleri karşılaştırması ve usulsüzlükleri, adaletsizlikleri ve ulusal ve uluslararası yasaların ihlallerini ortaya çıkarması önemli. Gözlemcilerin mevcudiyeti sanıklara maddi ve manevi destek sağlamakta, hakim, savcı ve polise izlendiklerini göstermekte ve sanığın adil yargılanma şansını artırmaktadır. Bu kapsamda Sakız adasındaki VIAL kampını ateşe vermekle suçlanan VIAL 15 olarak bilinen on beş gencin duruşmasında hazır bulunduk.</p> <p>2020 yılına göçmen ayaklanmaları ve/veya isyanlar ile Ege adaları ve anakaradaki kampların tahrip edilmesi ya da ortadan kaldırılması girişimleri damgasını vurdu. Bu eğilimin bir nedeni, Covid-19 pandemisinin kapalı kamplardaki göçmenler için hayatı daha da zor hale getirmesiydi.</p> <p>22 Haziran 2021 Salı günü, Moria 6 yargılanmasından sadece birkaç gün sonra, başka bir kampın kundaklaması ve yıkımı suçlamasıyla başka bir dava başladı. Bu kez suçlamalar, Sakız Adası'nın VIAL olarak bilinen Kabul ve Tanımlama Merkezi'yle (RIC) ilgiliydi. Farklı ülkelerden 15 genç erkek, farklı polis memurları tarafından farklı zamanlarda kundakçılık ve mala zarar vermekle suçlanarak tutuklandı. Duruşma Midilli (Lesvos) mahkemesinde gerçekleşti ve toplam üç gün sürdü (22, 23 ve 29 Haziran).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><b>Olayların Zaman Çizelgesi</b></p> <p>Covid-19 pandemisinin patlak vermesi, tüm göçmen kamplarında zaten&nbsp; kötü olan durumu daha da kötüleştirdi. Kamplar, virüsün yayılmasına karşı herhangi bir sağlık koruma önlemi olmaksızın ve göçmenlerin hareket özgürlüklerini daha da kısıtlayan bir karantina koşulları altında faaliyet gösteriyordu. Pandemi, ayrımcılığı keskinleştirdi. Nisan 20202'de Sakız Adası'ndaki VIAL kampında, Iraklı bir kadın yüksek ateş ile ciddi bir durumda hastaneye kaldırıldı, ardından geri gönderildiği VIAL kampında 18 Nisan 2020'de belirsiz nedenlerle öldü.&nbsp; Ancak VIAL'de yaşayan göçmenler, kadının Covid-19'dan öldüğüne inandı ve bunun gerçek olması muhtemel. 15 kişinin kundaklama ile suçlandığı olaylar, kadının ölümüne ve orada yaşayan herkesin hayatını tehlikeye atan VIAL'deki sefil gözaltı koşullarına bir tepki olarak aynı gece başladı.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><b>Tutuklamalar, sorgulamalar ve yargılama</b></p> <p>İsyanlar sırasında bir polis arabası, bir mobil büfe, Avrupa İltica Destek Ofisi (EASO) binasının konteynırları ve Rubb Hall olarak bilinen büyük bir çadır yok oldu . Polis güçleri harekete geçerek kalabalığı dağıtmak için kimyasal göz yaşartıcılarla saldırdı. Göçmenler veya polis memurlarında herhangi bir yaralanma yaşanmadı. İlerleyen günlerde polis, meydana gelen hasarın sorumluluğunu bulmaya ve bunu şahıslara yüklemeye çalıştı. Ancak şahısların ayaklanmalara karışıp karışmadıkları ve eğer öyleyse ne şekilde karıştıkları konusunda büyük şüpheler vardı. İsyanlar gece, görüş mesafesinin düşük olduğu bir zamanda gerçekleşti ve orada bulunanların çoğunun yüzleri kapalı olduğu için kimlik tespiti neredeyse imkansızdı.</p> <p>İsyanlar sırasında herhangi bir tutuklama yapılmadı. İlk tutuklamalar iki gün sonra gerçekleşti ve 20 gün sonra tamamlandı. Sanıkların yüzlerini tespit eden tek polis memuru, onları Sakız Emniyet Müdürlüğü'ndeki bir dosyadan teşhis ettiğini söyledi. Sanık göçmenler, tutuklamaların, yalnızca kampta bekar erkeklerin yaşadığı bölümde yaşadıkları için yapıldığını ve aleyhlerinde başka hiçbir kanıt bulunmadığını ifade ettiler.</p> <p>Sanıklardan bazıları sorguları sırasında çevirmenin kendi lehçelerini konuşmadığı için ne olduğunu anlamadıklarını ve bu nedenle ifadelerinin tamamen yanlış olduğunu iddia ettiler. Sanıklar, sorgulama sürecinin ardından tutuklanarak aşağıdaki suçlardan jüri karşısına çıkarıldı:</p> <p>(1) insan yaşamı için tehlike teşkil eden kundaklama (suç) ve mülkün yok edilmesi</p> <p>(2) polis memurlarına karşı tehlike teşkil eden bedensel zarar</p> <p>(3) güç kullanarak polisin çalışmasını engellemek</p> <p>(4) kamu malının yok edilmesi</p> <p>(5) huzuru bozmak</p> <p>(6) bir suç çetesine katılım</p> <p>Sanıklardan biri, tutuklanması sırasında çadırında bıçak bulunduğu için silah taşımakla da suçlandı.</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="856" src="/sites/default/files/signal-2021-06-23-135150.jpeg" width="800" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Duruşma 22 Haziran 2021'de, müdafiin mahkeme salonunun büyüklüğü nedeniyle bu davanın yürütülmesi için uygun olmadığını iddia ettiği bir mahkeme salonunda başladı. İtirazları hakimler tarafından kabul edildi ve duruşma ertesi gün daha büyük bir mahkeme salonunda devam etti. 15 sanıktan biri tutuklanmadan kaçtığı için sadece 14'ü&nbsp; duruşmaya katıldı. 23 Haziran'ın ikinci günü mahkeme, savunma ekibinin 14 sanıktan birinin reşit olmadığı ve ileri bir tarihte çocuk mahkemesinde yargılanması gerektiği yönündeki itirazlarını kabul etti. Sanık bu tarihe kadar belli kısıtlamalarla serbest bırakılacak. Mahkeme, onun çocuk statüsünü tanıdığında, kendisi 14 aydır tutuklu bulunuyordu ve bu, çocuklar için maksimum yasal tutukluluk süresi olan 6 aylık süreyi aşmıştı.</p> <p>Duruşmaya 13 sanıkla devam edildi. Yukarıda belirtildiği gibi, sadece bir tanık sanıkların yüzlerini tanıdığını iddia etti. Bu tanığın sanıkları teşhis etme süreci sorunludan da öteydi: aslında bu bir teşhis değildi. Mahkeme başkanı sanıkların isimlerini söylerken, adını duyan herkes savcılık tanığının (!) önünde elini kaldırdı ve iddia makamı tanığı onu tanıdığını doğruladı. Bu şekilde 13 sanıktan 9'unu 'tanımladı'.</p> <p>Savcılık tanığı, kimlik tespitinin ardından sanıkların polislere taş ve nesne atan bir çete gibi davrandığını, ancak kimsenin ateş yaktığını veya yanan nesneler fırlattığını görmediğini ifade etti. Sonuç olarak, en ağır suç olan kundakçılık suçlaması geçerliliğini yitirmişti. Mahkemeye çıkan diğer savcılık tanıkları, sanıklardan hiçbirinin kimliğini açıklamadı ve olaylara ilişkin ifadeleri hem kendileri hem de diğer tanıklar ile çelişti.</p> <p>Temel yasal güvencelerin keyfi olduğu ve mahkeme başkanının ve savcıların takdirine bağlı olduğu açık. Moria 6 davasında sanığı teşhis ettiğini iddia eden tanığın ifadesinin (sorgulama aşamasında) tanığın yokluğuna rağmen mahkemede okunması, savunmanın yasal çapraz sorgulama hakkını baltaladı. Buna karşılık, VIAL 15 davasında, 13 sanıktan kalan 4'ünün kimliğini belirleyen bir tanığın ifadesi mahkeme salonunda okundu, ancak yasa gereği hakimler, savcılar ve savunma kurulu tarafından incelenmek üzere mahkemeye çıkmadığından hem savcı hem de mahkeme başkanı tarafından tanık olarak geçersiz kabul edildi.</p> <p>Bu karar, 13 sanıktan 4'ünün tüm suçlamalardan beraat etmesini sağladı. Kalan 9 kişi, insan hayatını tehdit eden kundakçılık, mülke zarar verme, polis memurlarına karşı tehlike arz eden bedensel zarar verme ve bir suç çetesine dahil olma suçlarından suçsuz bulundu. Ancak polisin çalışmasını güç kullanarak engellemek ve huzuru bozmaktan suçlu bulundular. 9 kişiden biri buna ek olarak ateş kullanarak mala zarar vermekten (hafif suç) ve bir diğeri de silah taşımaktan suçlu bulundu.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><b>Prosedür ve kararlar hakkında yorumlar</b></p> <p>Geçmişte de benzer koşullar altında birçok davaya şahit olduk. Özellikle Moria kampının kundaklanmasıyla ilgili Sakız mahkemesinde görülen son dava (Moria 6 davası)... Bu nedenle karşılaştırma yapmak büyük önem taşıyor, çünkü benzer suçlamalarla (kundaklama yani ağır suç), bağlamlarla (karantina sırasında kamplarda isyanlar) ve benzer derecelerde kanıt içeren iki davada, iki farklı ve çelişkili sonuç elde ettik: birinde davada hafifletici sebepler tanınmadan kundakçılıktan mahkûmiyet, diğerindeyse beraat.</p> <p><em>Prosedür hakkında:</em></p> <p>18 Nisan 2020'de VIAL kampında meydana gelen olaylara ışık tutacak tanıkların (kovuşturma ve savunma), heyet, savcılık ve müdafi tarafından sorgulanması için onlara yeterli zaman ve yer verildi.</p> <p>Buna ek olarak, sanıkların kendi davalarına daha aktif olarak katılmalarına izin verecek biçimde yapılan çeviriler yeterliydi.</p> <p>Moria 6 davasında Kovid-19 önlemleri bahanesiyle gözlemci ve gazetecilerin duruşma salonuna girişi yasaklandı. VIAL 15 davasında, polisin çok yakın gözetimi altında olmasına rağmen, iki gözlemcinin mahkeme salonuna girmesine izin verildi.</p> <p><em>Yargılamalar hakkında:</em></p> <p>Moria 6 davasında, savunma avukatları, yetişkin bir mahkemede yargılanan 4 sanıktan 3'ünün tutuklandığı sırada reşit olmadığını kanıtlayan belgeler sundu. Prosedüre itirazlarını destekleyen belgeler tamamen keyfi bir şekilde reddedildi ve gençler yetişkin olarak yargılandı ve mahkum edildi. Reşit olmamanın hafifletici faktörü bile mahkeme tarafından reddedildi. VIAL 15 davasında benzer belgeler sunuldu ve sanıklardan biri reşit olarak kabul edildi ve yetişkin mahkemesinden çıkarıldı.</p> <p>İki dava arasındaki belki de en önemli fark, VIAL 15'teki sanıklardan 4'ünün kimliğini tespit eden savcılık tanığının ifadesinin, tanığın mahkemeye çıkmaması nedeniyle haksız görülmesiydi. Moria 6 davasında durum böyle değildi, sanıkları teşhis ettiğini iddia eden kilit savcı tanığın ifadesi, gerektiği gibi mahkemeye çıkmamasına rağmen kabul edildi. Bu, esasen Moria 6 davasındaki 4 'yetişkin' sanığın mahkumiyetine neden oldu.</p> <p>Sonuç olarak, ceza davalarının mahkemelerini gözlediğimizde, kanunların her mahkemenin farklı eğilimlerine bağlı olarak uygulanıp uygulanmadığına şahit oluyoruz. Adalet sistemi eşitsiz ve öngörülemez. Göçmen sanıklar adil yargılanmaya erişim için sürekli bir mücadeleyle karşı karşıya ve onları destekleyenler - savunucular ve dayanışma grupları - bu engellerden nasiplerini alıyorlar.&nbsp; VIAL 15 davası örneğinin Moria 6 için temyiz mahkemesinde kullanılmasını ve kendilerine karşı yapılan adaletsizliği giderecek bir yargıllamaya vesile olmasını umuyoruz. O zamana kadar, her ne kadar bunun oldukça çetin bir mücadele olduğunu bilsek de, mümkün olan her şekilde herkes için eşit haklar talep etmekten vazgeçmeyeceğiz.</p> </div> <div> <div>Categories</div> <div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1486" hreflang="en">Aegean Migrant Solidarity</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1402" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1413" hreflang="en">Migration</a></div> </div> </div> Thu, 22 Jul 2021 11:23:16 +0000 Hannah 12548 at https://cpt.org Για την Δίκη των 15 της ΒΙΑΛ https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/22/gia-tin-diki-ton-15-tis-bial <span>Για την Δίκη των 15 της ΒΙΑΛ </span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/63" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Hannah</span></span> <span>Thu, 07/22/2021 - 06:13</span> <div><p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="397" src="/sites/default/files/signal-2021-06-22-091957.jpeg" width="800" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>[<a href="https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/22/ams-report-trial-vial-15">Read in English</a>]</p> <p>[<a href="https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/22/vial-15-davasi-raporu">Türkçe okuyun</a>]</p> <p>Ως AMS εκτιμούμε πως η ποινικοποίηση της μετανάστευσης και των μεταναστών είναι ένα καίριο ζήτημα στον τρόπο που Ελλάδα και Ε.Ε. «διαχειρίζονται» το μεταναστευτικό ζήτημα και πολλές «μαύρες σελίδες» αδικίας και συστηματικών διακρίσεων έχουν γραφτεί μέσα στους τέσσερις τοίχους των δικαστικών αιθουσών. Για το λόγο αυτό έχει ιδιαίτερη σημασία να υπάρχουν παρατηρητές στις δίκες ώστε να συγκρίνουν και να αποκαλύπτουν παρατυπίες, αδικίες, παραβίασες εγχώριων και διεθνών νομοθεσιών. Παράλληλα η παρουσία των παρατηρητών να συμβάλλει στην ανάγκη υλικής και ηθικής υποστήριξής ανθρώπων που κατηγορούνται, δείχνοντας σε δικαστές εισαγγελείς και αστυνομία ότι δεν δρουν ερήμην, αυξάνοντας τις πιθανότητες οι κατηγορούμενοι να λάβουν μια δίκαιη δίκη. Σε αυτό το πλαίσιο είμασταν παρόντες τη δίκη για τον εμπρησμό της ΒΙΑΛ.</p> <p>Το 2020 ήταν μια χρονιά που σημαδεύτηκε από εξεγέρσεις μεταναστών και εκτεταμένες καταστροφές των κέντρων κράτησης των νησιών του Αιγαίου και στην ηπειρωτική χώρα. Μια από τις αιτίες αυτής της τάσης είναι πως η πανδημία του covid-19 έκανε ακόμα πιο δύσκολη τη ζωή των μεταναστ(ρι)ών μέσα στα κέντρα κράτησης. Για παράδειγμα ,στη Χίο στις 18 Απριλίου, στη Λέσβο στις 8 Σεπτεμβρίου και στη Σάμο στις 15 Σεπτεμβρίου, οι πυρκαγιές έβαλαν στο στόχαστρο κέντρα κράτησης , που σταδιακά μετατρέπονταν σε φυλακές, με το πρόσχημα του κλειδώματος του Covid-19.</p> <p>Την Τρίτη 22.6.2021, λίγες μέρες μετά τη <a href="https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/08/aegean-migrant-solidarity-trial-moria-6">Δική των 6 της Μόριας</a>, μια ακόμα δίκη για εμπρησμό και καταστροφές σε κέντρο κράτησης ξεκινάει. Αυτή τη φορά οι καταστροφές αφορούν το ΚΥΤ (Κέντρο Υποδοχής και Ταυτοποίησης ) της Χίου γνωστό με το όνομα ΒΙΑΛ. Για τον εμπρησμό και τις καταστροφές κατηγορούνται 15 άνδρες, διαφόρων εθνικοτήτων, οι οποίοι είχαν συλληφθεί από διαφορετικούς αστυνομικούς σε διαφορετικές χρονικές στιγμές. Η δίκη πραγματοποιήθηκε στο δικαστήριο της Μυτιλήνης (Λέσβος) και είχε συνολική διάρκεια τριών ημερών (22,23 και 29 Ιουνίου).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><b>Το χρονικό των γεγονότων</b></p> <p>Το ξέσπασμα της πανδημίας του covid-19 έκανε πολύ πιο δύσκολη την ήδη άσχημη κατάσταση που επικρατούσε σε όλα τα κέντρα κράτησης μεταναστών. Τα ΚΥΤ λειτουργούσαν χωρίς καμιά φροντίδα για υγειονομική προστασία για την διασπορά του&nbsp; ιού και σε καθεστώς υγειονομικού αποκλεισμού, που περιόρισε ακόμα παραπάνω την κινητικότητα των μεταναστών έξω από αυτά εντείνοντας τον αποκλεισμό τους, Στη ΒΙΑΛ στη Χίο λίγες μέρες πριν σημειωθούν τα επεισόδια για τα οποία κατηγορούνται οι 15 άνδρες, μια γυναίκα από το Ιράκ είχε μεταφερθεί στο νοσοκομείο σοβαρά <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/19/fire-wrecks-greek-migrant-camp-after-iraqi-death-sparks-unrest">άρρωστη και στη συνέχεια μεταφέρθηκε πίσω στη ΒΙΑΛ όπου και έχασε τη ζωή της από αδιευκρίνιστα αίτια</a>. Ωστόσο οι μετανάστες που μένουν στη ΒΙΑΛ θεώρησαν και πιθανόν να είναι η αλήθεια, ότι η γυναικά πέθανε από covid. Τα επεισόδια ξεκίνησαν το ίδιο βράδυ (18.4.2020), σαν αντίδραση στον θάνατο της γυναίκας αλλά και ενάντια στις άθλιες συνθήκες κράτησης που επικρατούσαν στην ΒΙΑΛ και θέτουν σε κίνδυνο τη ζωές όλων όσων ζουν εκεί.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><b>Οι Συλλήψεις, Ανακρίσεις και η Δίκη</b></p> <p>Κατά τη διάρκεια των επεισοδίων καταστράφηκαν ένα αυτοκίνητο της αστυνομίας, μία καντίνα, κοντέινερ από της εγκαταστάσεις της EASO (Ευρωπαϊκή Υπηρεσία Ασύλου) και μια μεγάλη σκηνή (Rub hall). Αστυνομικές δυνάμεις κινητοποιούνται και επιτίθονται με χημικά στο πλήθος για να τους διαλύσουν. Δεν υπήρξαν τραυματισμοί μεταναστ(ρι)ων και αστυνομικών. Τις επόμενες μέρες&nbsp; η αστυνομία προσπάθησε να βρει και να αποδώσει τις ευθύνες για τις καταστροφές σε άτομα. Δεδομένου ότι τα επεισόδια γίνονται νύχτα με χαμηλό φωτισμό και πολλά από τα άτομα είχαν καλυμμένα τα πρόσωπα τους η διαδικασία αναγνώρισης είναι σχεδόν αδύνατη.</p> <p>Καμιά σύλληψη δεν πραγματοποιείται τη στιγμή που συμβαίνουν τα επεισόδια, οι συλλήψεις ξεκινάνε δύο μέρες μετά και ολοκληρώνονται μετά από 20 μέρες. Ο μοναδικός αστυνομικός που αναγνώρισε πρόσωπα από τους κατηγορούμενους αναφέρει πως τους ταυτοποίησε από αρχείο της υπηρεσίας του (διεύθυνση ασφαλείας Χίου). Οι κατηγορούμενοι μετανάστες καταθέτουν με τη σειρά τους ότι οι συλλήψεις έγιναν με μοναδικό κριτήριο ότι ζουν στον τομέα του camp που είναι αποκλειστικά μόνους άνδρες (single men sector) χωρίς άλλα στοιχεία. Κατά τη διαδικασία της ανάκρισης κάποιοι από κατηγορούμενοι αναφέρουν πως δεν καταλάβαιναν τι συμβαίνει γιατί ο μεταφραστής δεν μιλούσε την ίδια διάλεκτο με αυτούς, με αποτέλεσμα οι καταθέσεις τους είναι εντελώς ανακριβής.</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="856" src="/sites/default/files/signal-2021-06-23-135150.jpeg" width="800" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Μετά από την ανακριτική διαδικασία οι κατηγορούμενοι προφυλακίστηκαν και παραπέμφθηκαν σε δίκη (σε μεικτό ορκωτό δικαστήριο) με τις κατηγορίες: (1)Εμπρησμός με κίνδυνος ανθρώπινης ζωής και καταστροφή περιουσίας (κακούργημα), και τα πλημμελήματα&nbsp; της: (2)&nbsp; επικίνδυνης σωματική βλάβη εναντίον αστυνομικών, (3) παρεμπόδιση αστυνομικού έργου με χρήση βίας, (4) καταστροφή περιουσίας κοινής ωφέλειας, (5) διατάραξη κοινής ειρήνης, (6)συμμετοχή σε εγκληματική συμμορία. Ένα από τους κατηγορουμένους κατηγορήθηκε επιπλέον για οπλοφορία, καθώς κατά τη σύλληψή του βρέθηκε ένα μαχαίρι στη σκηνή του.</p> <p>Η Δίκη ξεκίνησε στις&nbsp; 22.6.2020 σε μια δικαστική αίθουσα ακατάλληλη, σύμφωνα με τους συνηγόρους υπεράσπισης,&nbsp; λόγω μεγέθους, για τη διεξαγωγή της συγκεκριμένης δίκης. Το αίτημα έγινε δεκτό από την έδρα και την επόμενη μέρα η δίκη συνεχίστηκε σε άλλη, μεγαλύτερη αίθουσα.&nbsp; Από τους 15 κατηγορούμενους για την υπόθεση στο δικαστήριο βρέθηκαν 14 καθώς ο ένας διέφυγε της σύλληψης. Την δεύτερη μέρα 23.6.2020 το δικαστήριο έκρινε έναν κατηγορούμενο από τους 14 ως ανήλικο, κάνοντας δεκτή την ένσταση του Δικηγόρου υπεράσπισης, ο νεαρός θα δικαστεί αργότερα από δικαστήριο αρμόδιο για ανήλικους και μέχρι τότε αφήνεται ελεύθερος με περιοριστικούς όρους. Όμως μέχρι την αναγνώριση της ανηλικότητας του από το δικαστήριο ο νεαρός είχε ακολουθήσει τη διαδικασία της προφυλάκισης για 14 μήνες ως ενήλικας, ενώ η μέγιστη προφυλάκιση για ανηλίκους είναι 6 μήνες.</p> <p>Η δική συνεχίστηκε με 13 πλέον κατηγορούμενους. Η διαδικασία αναγνώρισης των κατηγορουμένων από τον μοναδικό μάρτυρα που αναγνώρισε πρόσωπα υπήρξε κάτι παραπάνω από προβληματική. Για την ακρίβεια δεν ήταν αναγνώριση. Δηλαδή, η πρόεδρος του δικαστηρίου φώναζε να ονόματα των κατηγορουμένων προς αναγνώριση, ο κάθε κατηγορούμενος που άκουγε το όνομά του σήκωνε το χέρι του μπροστά στον μάρτυρα κατηγορίας (!) και ο μάρτυρας κατηγορίας επιβεβαίωνε πως τον αναγνωρίζει. Με αυτόν τον τρόπο «αναγνώρισε» 9 από τους 13 κατηγορούμενους.</p> <p>Μετά από τη διαδικασία αναγνώρισης ο μάρτυρας κατηγορίας ανέφερε πως οι κατηγορούμενοι λειτουργούσα σαν όχλος πετώντας αντικείμενα και πέτρες στους αστυνομικούς, όμως&nbsp; δεν είδε κανέναν να βάζει φωτιά ή να εκτοξεύει φλεγόμενα αντικείμενα. Κατά συνέπεια η σοβαρή κατηγορία του εμπρησμού (κακούργημα) δεν φαίνεται να ευσταθεί. Οι υπόλοιποι μάρτυρες κατηγορίας που παρουσιάστηκαν στο δικαστήριο δεν αναγνώρισαν κανέναν από τους κατηγορουμένους, και είχαν αντιφατικές καταθέσεις για τα γεγονότα.</p> <p>Η κατάθεση (στο στάδιο της ανάκρισης) του μάρτυρα&nbsp; κατηγορίας&nbsp; που αναγνώριζε τους υπολοίπους 4 από τους 13 κατηγορούμενους, στη δίκη της ΒΙΑΛ αν και διαβάστηκε στην αίθουσα δεν λήφθηκε επί της ουσίας υπόψιν καθώς ο μάρτυρας δεν προσήλθε στο δικαστήριο για να εξετασθεί από την έδρα και τους συνηγόρους της υπεράσπισης ως όφειλε, σύμφωνα με τον νόμο.</p> <p>Αυτή η απόφαση οδήγησε και στην αθώωση από όλες τις κατηγορίες των 4 από τους 13 κατηγορουμένους. Οι υπόλοιποι 9 κρίθηκαν αθώοι για (1) Εμπρησμό με κίνδυνος ανθρώπινης ζωής και (4)καταστροφή περιουσίας, (2)&nbsp; επικίνδυνης σωματική βλάβη εναντίον αστυνομικών , (6)συμμετοχή σε εγκληματική συμμορία . Όμως κρίθηκαν ένοχοι για (3) παρεμπόδιση αστυνομικού έργου με χρήση βίας, (5) διατάραξη κοινής ειρήνης. Ένας από τους 9 κρίθηκε επιπλέον ένοχος για&nbsp; φθορά ξένης περιουσίας με χρήση φωτιάς (πλημμέλημα) και ένας ακόμα για οπλοφορία.</p> <p>Έχοντας ήδη εκτίσει ήδη 14 μήνες προφυλακισμένοι, αφέθηκαν όλοι ελεύθεροι, με&nbsp; περιοριστικούς όρους και μικρή χρηματική αποζημίωση (600ευρώ).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><b>Συγκριτική ανάλυση επί της διαδικασίας και επί των αποφάσεων</b></p> <p>Έχοντας ήδη την εμπειρία από προηγούμενες δίκες με παρόμοια χαρακτηριστικά, και ιδιαίτερα την πρόσφατη δίκη στο δικαστήριο της Χίου για τον εμπρησμό της Μόριας (υπόθεση Moria 6), είναι αναγκαίο να προχωρήσουμε σε συγκρίσεις, και αυτό διότι σε δύο δίκες με παρόμοιες κατηγορίες (το κακούργημα του εμπρησμού), πλαίσιο (εξέγερση, επεισόδια σε κέντρο κράτησης σε κατάσταση υγειονομικού αποκλεισμού) και στοιχεία είχαμε δύο διαφορετικά και αντικρουόμενα αποτελέσματα. Στη μία περίπτωση καταδίκη, χωρίς ελαφρυντικά για το κακούργημα του εμπρησμού (Moria 6)και στην άλλη αθώωση (ΒΙΑΛ 15).</p> <p><i>Επί της διαδικασίας</i>:</p> <p>Δόθηκε επαρκής χρόνος και χώρος για την εξέταση των μαρτύρων (κατηγορίας και υπεράσπισης), τόσο από την έδρα όσο και από τους συνηγόρους υπεράσπισης, ώστε να φωτιστούν τα γεγονότα που έλαβαν χώρα στις 18.4.2020 στη ΒΙΑΛ.</p> <p>Επιπλέον η μετάφραση από και προς κατηγορουμένους , αν και θα μπορούσε να είναι πολύ πιο λεπτομερής ώστε να μπορούν οι κατηγορούμενοι να συμμετέχουν πιο ενεργά στην ίδια τους δίκη,&nbsp; ήταν μάλλον επαρκής.</p> <p>Στη δίκη για την υπόθεση Moria 6, απαγορεύτηκε, με πρόφαση τα μέτρα για τον covid-19, η παρουσία παρατηρητών και δημοσιογράφων εντός της δικαστικής αίθουσας! Στην περίπτωση της υπόθεσης ΒΙΑΛ 15,επιτραπηκε σε δύο παρατηρητές η παρουσία εντός της δικαστικής αίθουσας αν και με πολύ στενή επιτήρηση από την αστυνομία.</p> <p><i>Επί των αποφάσεων</i>:</p> <p>Στην περίπτωση της υπόθεσης Moria 6, παρά τα έγγραφα που προσκόμισαν οι συνήγοροι υπεράσπισης για να υποστηρίξουν πως 3 από τους 4 κατηγορούμενους ήταν ανήλικοι όταν συνελήφθησαν αυτά με τρόπο εντελώς αυθαίρετο δεν λήφθηκαν υπόψιν από το δικαστήριο και οι νεαροί δικάστηκαν και καταδικάστηκαν ως ενήλικες, χωρίς καν να ληφθεί υπόψιν το ελαφρυντικό της μετεφηβικής ηλικίας. Στην περίπτωση της ΒΙΑΛ 15 τα έγγραφα έγιναν δεκτά και ο ένας κατηγορούμενος εξαιρέθηκε από το δικαστήριο ως ανήλικος.</p> <p>Η σημαντικότερη, ίσως διαφορά μεταξύ των δύο δικών ήταν το γεγονός πως ή κατάθεση του μάρτυρα κατηγορίας που αναγνώρισε 4 από τους κατηγορούμενους στη δική της ΒΙΑΛ 15 δεν λήφθηκε υπόψιν καθώς ο μάρτυρας δεν εμφανίστηκε στο δικαστήριο. Κάτι τέτοιο δεν συνέβη στην δίκη των Moria 6 όπου ο βασικός μάρτυρας κατηγορίας που αναγνωρίζει πρόσωπα, δεν προσήλθε στο δικαστήριο ως όφειλε, όμως η κατάθεση του έγινε δεκτή από το δικαστήριο και επί της ουσίας σήμανε την καταδίκη των 4 εφήβων για την υπόθεση Moria 6. Γίνεται έτσι σαφές&nbsp; ότι η εφαρμογή των βασικών νομικών εγγυήσεων είναι αυθαίρετη και αφήνεται στη διακριτική ευχέρεια των προεδρευόντων δικαστών και των εισαγγελέων.</p> <p>Συμπερασματικά, η παρατήρηση των δικών αποδεικνύει πως οι νόμοι εφαρμόζονται ή δεν εφαρμόζονται διαφορετικά από το κάθε δικαστήριο, γεγονός που καθιστά το σύστημα απονομής δικαιοσύνης ιδιαίτερα προβληματικό. Ειδικά όταν βρίσκονται κατηγορούμενοι μετανάστ(ρι)ες η πρόσβαση σε μια δίκαιη δίκη μετατρέπεται σε συνεχή αγώνα για τους ίδιους αλλά και για όσους τους υποστηρίζουν, συνηγόρους και αλληλέγγυους. Ελπίζουμε το παράδειγμα της δίκης της ΒΙΑΛ 15 να χρησιμοποιηθεί στο εφετείο για την υπόθεση Moria 6 και να λάβουν μια δίκη ανάλογη των περιστάσεων που θα αποκαταστήσει την αδικία εις βάρος τους. Μέχρι τότε, δεν θα σταματήσουμε να απαιτούμε με κάθε τρόπο&nbsp; ίσα δικαιώματα για όλους και όλες, γνωρίζοντας πόσο δύσκολο είναι αυτό στην εφαρμογή του.</p> </div> <div> <div>Categories</div> <div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1486" hreflang="en">Aegean Migrant Solidarity</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1402" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1413" hreflang="en">Migration</a></div> </div> </div> Thu, 22 Jul 2021 11:13:46 +0000 Hannah 12547 at https://cpt.org AEGEAN MIGRANT SOLIDARITY: Report on the trial of the VIAL 15 https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/22/ams-report-trial-vial-15 <span>AEGEAN MIGRANT SOLIDARITY: Report on the trial of the VIAL 15</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/63" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Hannah</span></span> <span>Thu, 07/22/2021 - 06:02</span> <div><p>22 July 2021</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="397" src="/sites/default/files/signal-2021-06-22-091957.jpeg" width="800" /></p> <p>[<a href="https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/22/gia-tin-diki-ton-15-tis-bial">Διαβάστε στα ελληνικά</a>]</p> <p>[<a href="https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/22/vial-15-davasi-raporu">Türkçe okuyun</a>]</p> <p>The criminalization of migration and migrants has become a cornerstone of Greek and European Union migration “management”. Many dark pages have been written on the walls of the courtrooms. Therefore, it is crucial to have observers at the trials to compare procedures and expose irregularities, injustices, and violations of domestic and international laws. The presence of observers also offers moral support and basic needs for the accused and shows judges, prosecutors and police that they are being watched, increasing the chances that the accused will receive a fair trial. In this context, AMS was present at the trial of fifteen young men, known as the VIAL 15, accused of setting fire to the VIAL camp on Chios island.</p> <p>The year 2020 was marked by migrant uprisings and riots with widespread destruction of camps and detention centers on the Aegean islands and Greek mainland, in response to the Covid-19 pandemic which exacerbated the situation for migrants inside the detention centers. In Chios on 18 April, Lesvos on 8 September and Samos on 15 September, fires consumed these camps which had taken on the likeness of prisons under the pretext of the Covid-19 lockdown.</p> <p>On Tuesday, 22 June 2021, <a href="https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/08/aegean-migrant-solidarity-trial-moria-6">just a few days after the conviction of the Moria 6</a>, another trial for arson and destruction in a detention center began. This time the charges concerned the Reception and Identification Centre (RIC) of Chios island, known as VIAL. Fifteen men of different nationalities were arrested by different police officers at different times and accused of arson and property damage. The trial took place in the court of Mytilene (Lesvos) and lasted three days (22, 23 and 29 June).</p> <p><b>The timeline of events</b></p> <p>The outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic made a bad situation worse in all immigration detention centers. The centers were operating without any health protection measures against the spread of the virus and under conditions of a sanitary blockade which only further restricted the mobility of migrants to leave, intensifying their exclusion. In April 2020, at VIAL camp on Chios, an Iraqi woman was <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/19/fire-wrecks-greek-migrant-camp-after-iraqi-death-sparks-unrest">taken to hospital with severe health conditions and a fever</a>, then transferred back to VIAL camp, where she died on 18 April 2020 of unclear causes. However, the migrants living in VIAL believed that the woman died of Covid-19. Riots broke out as a reaction to the woman's death and against the miserable detention conditions in VIAL, which endangered the lives of all those living there. The incidents of arson occurred that same night.</p> <p><b>The arrests, interrogations and trial</b></p> <p>During the riots, a police car, a canteen, containers of the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) premises and a large tent, known as a Rubb Hall, were destroyed. Police forces attacked the crowd with chemical sprays to disperse them. There were no injuries to migrants or police officers. In the following days, the police tried to attribute responsibility for the damage to individuals.Since the riots took place at night, with low visibility, and many of those present had their faces covered, the identification process was almost impossible.</p> <p>Police made no arrests at the time of the riots. The first arrests happened two days later and were completed within 20 days. The only police officer who identified the faces of the accused said that he recognized them from a file in the Chios security directorate. The accused migrants, in turn, testified that the arrests were made on the sole criterion that they lived in a sector of the camp accommodating exclusively single men, with no other evidence against them.&nbsp;</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="856" src="/sites/default/files/signal-2021-06-23-135150.jpeg" width="800" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>During their interrogation, some of the accused were unable to understand what was happening because the translator did not speak their dialect and therefore their statements were inaccurate. After the interrogation process, the defendants were remanded in custody and brought before a joint jury trial on the charges of:</p> <p>(1) arson with danger to human life (felony) and destruction of property&nbsp;</p> <p>(2) dangerous bodily harm against police officers&nbsp;</p> <p>(3) obstructing police work with the use of force&nbsp;</p> <p>(4) destruction of public property&nbsp;</p> <p>(5) disturbing the peace&nbsp;</p> <p>(6) participation in a criminal gang</p> <p>One of the accused was also charged with carrying a weapon, as a knife was found in his tent during his arrest.</p> <p>The trial began on 22 June 2021, in a courtroom that the defence counsel claimed was unsuitable due to its size. The judges upheld their objection and the trial continued the next day in a larger courtroom. Of the 15 defendants, only 14 attended trial as one escaped arrest. On the second day the court accepted the defence team’s objections that one of the 14 defendants was a minor and that he should be tried at a later date by a juvenile court. Until then, he will be released with restrictions. By the time the court recognized his juvenile status, the young man had been in pre-trial detention for 14 months as an adult, exceeding the maximum legal pre-trial detention period for juveniles of six months.</p> <p>The trial then continued with 13 defendants. As mentioned above, only one witness claimed to recognize the faces of the accused. The process by which this witness identified the defendants was more than problematic: in fact, it was not an identification. As the judge called out the defendants’ names, each raised his hand when his name was called in front of the prosecution witness who confirmed that he recognized him. He ‘identified’ nine of the 13 defendants this way.</p> <p>After the identification process, the prosecution witness stated that the defendants acted like a mob, throwing objects and stones at police officers. He did not see anyone setting fires or throwing flaming objects. Consequently, the most serious charge of arson, a felony crime, no longer stood. The following prosecution witnesses did not identify any of the defendants, and their testimonies about the events contradicted themselves and the other witnesses.</p> <p>The witness who identified the remaining four of the 13 defendants did not appear in court. Their testimony was read aloud in the courtroom but was considered unmerited, both by the prosecutor and the presiding judge as the witness did not appear in court to be examined by the judges, prosecutor and defence counsel as required by law.</p> <p>This decision led to the acquittal of these four accused on all charges. The remaining nine were found not guilty of arson with danger to human life, destruction of property, dangerous bodily harm against police officers, and participation in a criminal gang. But they were found guilty of obstructing police work with the use of force and disturbing the peace. One of the nine was further found guilty of damaging property using fire (a misdemeanour offence) and another one of carrying a weapon.</p> <p>Having already served 14 months in custody, they were all released, with restrictive conditions and a financial penalty of 600 euros.</p> <p><b>Comparative analysis on the procedure and judgments</b></p> <p>AMS has observed many trials under similar circumstances. In particular, the recent trial in Chios for the Moria 6 case of arson at Moria camp. By comparing these two trials with similar charges (the felony crime of arson), contexts (riots in a detention center during a health blockade) and degrees of evidence, two different and contradictory results are evident: in one case a conviction for arson without recognition of any mitigating circumstances, and in the other an acquittal.</p> <p><i>On the procedure:</i></p> <p>In the VIAL 15 trial, sufficient time and space were given to examine both prosecution and defence witnesses by the bench, the prosecution and the defence counsel to shed light on the events that took place on 18 April 2020 at VIAL camp.</p> <p>In addition, the translation to and from defendants was adequate, although it could have been much more thorough to allow the defendants to participate more actively in their own trial.</p> <p>In the Moria 6 trial, under the pretext of Covid-19 measures, observers and journalists were banned from entry to the courtroom. In the VIAL 15 case, two observers were allowed access to the courtroom, albeit under very close supervision by the police.</p> <p><i>On the judgments:</i></p> <p>In the Moria 6 case, defence lawyers provided documents arguing that three of the four defendants were minors at the time of the arrest. The documents supporting their objection to the procedure were rejected in a completely arbitrary manner, and the young men were tried and convicted as adults. Even the mitigating factor of being at a post-adolescent age was rejected by the court. In the case of VIAL 15, the defence submitted similar documents and one of the defendants was recognized as a minor and excluded from the adult court.</p> <p>Perhaps the most significant difference between the two trials was the fact that the testimony of the prosecution witness, who identified four of the defendants in VIAL 15, was considered unmerited since they did not appear in court. This was not the case in the Moria 6 trial, where the testimony of the key prosecution witness, who claimed to identify the defendants, was accepted even though he did not appear in court as required which essentially sealed the conviction. It is clear that the implementation of basic legal safeguards is arbitrary and at the discretion of the presiding judge and state prosecutors.</p> <p>In conclusion, court observation of criminal trials demonstrates that laws are applied according to the inclination of each court. The system of the administration of justice is unequal and unpredictable. Migrant defendants face a constant struggle for access to a fair trial, and advocates and solidarity groups who support them face their own obstacles. We hope that the example of the VIAL 15 trial will be used in the appeal for the Moria 6 and that they will receive a fair trial that will redress the injustice against them. Until then, we will not stop demanding equal rights for all in every way possible, knowing how far we have to go.</p> </div> <div> <div>Categories</div> <div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1486" hreflang="en">Aegean Migrant Solidarity</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1413" hreflang="en">Migration</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1402" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> </div> </div> Thu, 22 Jul 2021 11:02:02 +0000 Hannah 12546 at https://cpt.org TISN: Reconciliation is Dead https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/18/tisn-reconciliation-dead <span>TISN: Reconciliation is Dead</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/63" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Hannah</span></span> <span>Sun, 07/18/2021 - 11:25</span> <div><p>18 July 2021</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="600" src="/sites/default/files/20210701_180146.jpg" width="800" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>On 1 July, Indigenous activists brought down the statue of Queen Victoria in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Queen Victoria was the head of the British Empire from 1837 until 1901. She is a figurehead of colonialism and genocide and was the sitting monarch for the British Commonwealth of Canada when residential schools began. Despite her legacy, some politicians, including the Premier of Manitoba, condemned the removal of her statue, stating it had no place in the process of reconciliation. (Although one might argue that maintaining a statue that celebrates colonialism is more apt to be a barrier to reconciliation than its removal). These critics failed to remember that since February 2020, when the Royal Canadian Mounted Police raided Unist’ot’en in Wet’suwet’en Territory, reconciliation is dead.</p> <p>For some, the birth of reconciliation came through the 2008 apology by the Canadian state to residential school survivors. This apology was the entry point to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission—a powerful process where Indigenous survivors of residential schools gave testimony of physical, emotional and sexual assault at the hands of priests, nuns and teachers at state-sanctioned boarding schools. It was a sacred space of truth-telling.&nbsp; The TRC was proof to non-Indigenous Canadians (because Indigenous people already knew this) that residential schools were a cruel marriage of church and state that lead to physical removal of Indigenous people off their lands and committing cultural genocide. In 2015, the TRC concluded and provided Canadians with 94 recommendations and actions to be taken for there to be reconciliation.</p> <p>However, by January 2020, five years after the report, only 10 of those recommendations had been implemented. In addition, instead of halting Indigenous land dispossession, which would be a sign of an authentic step towards reconciliation, pipelines were being built across Indigenous land and without their consent. An example is the CoastalGas Link pipeline that is carving through Wet’suwet’en Territory without the permission of the Wet’suwet’en Hereditary Chiefs. Instead of receiving consent from the Hereditary Chiefs or cancelling the pipeline altogether, the government sent in the RCMP to physically remove the Land Defenders from Wet’suwet’en Territory and criminalize them for their attempts to take care of and remain on their own land.&nbsp; On 13 February 2020, the RCMP raided the barricade at 66km in Unist’o’ten Territory, chainsawing through reconciliation—and killing it.</p> <p>Since reconciliation is dead, toppling a statue cannot be a setback, as the Premier of Manitoba has stated. For folks of a pacifist mindset, hearing these words and adhering to this reality can be difficult. Yet while reconciliation is dead, there is a chance we can revive or, even better, transform it. However, the responsibility of reconciliation’s revival does not fall upon Indigenous people; it lies squarely with the settler state that killed it. Reconciliation is rooted in one straightforward term: LAND BACK.</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="533" src="/sites/default/files/20210715_131944.jpg" width="800" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Land is at the crux of settler colonialism which is a toxic concoction of capitalism and white supremacy. Glen Coulthard writes that settler colonialism is about “territorial acquisition in perpetuity.” This means the settler state was birthed through land theft and the displacement of Indigenous people and remains alive by continually stealing land and displacing Indigenous People. The treaty and reserve system, residential schools, the criminalization and incarceration of Indigenous People, the construction of pipelines on Indigenous land that poison the ecosystem all physically remove Indigenous People from their land and attempt to break the relationship Indigenous People have with their land. And here, it is essential to remember that Indigenous culture and spirituality are rooted in land. The ethnic cleansing of Indigenous people from their land and the cultural genocide carried out by the state has not stopped despite apologies, inquiries, or by signing UN Declarations.</p> <p>So once again, if we want to enter a space of reconciliation authentically, the answer is LAND BACK. It means no more settler development on Indigenous land like in Six Nations and Kahnawake. It means halting ALL pipeline construction in Wet’suwet’en Territory. It means stopping all resource extractive industries that do not have the consent of the Indigenous Nation. It means paying rent to Indigenous Nations and not corporate landlords. It means defunding the police entirely. It means beginning a process of reparations. As long as any Indigenous person is unsheltered, without clean drinking water, or criminalized in jail, reconciliation remains an elusive word tossed around by politicians.</p> <p>Reconciliation is currently dead in this country, so no toppled statue can create a setback. However, there is no need to despair; reconciliation can be alive again. For settler folks who are committed to the process of reconciliation, it is time to join Indigenous-led movements, educate your own communities, and fight both in parliament and in the streets for LAND BACK.</p> </div> <div> <div>Categories</div> <div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1484" hreflang="en">Turtle Island Solidarity Network</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1397" hreflang="en">Canada</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1430" hreflang="en">United States</a></div> </div> </div> Sun, 18 Jul 2021 16:25:32 +0000 Hannah 12544 at https://cpt.org TISN: Accompanying the Struggle at Enbridge Line 3 in Minnesota, Anishinaabe Land https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/15/tisn-accompanying-struggle-enbridge-line-3-minnesota-anishinaabe-land <span>TISN: Accompanying the Struggle at Enbridge Line 3 in Minnesota, Anishinaabe Land</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/63" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Hannah</span></span> <span>Thu, 07/15/2021 - 04:02</span> <div><p>15 July 2021</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="450" src="/sites/default/files/Honor%20the%20Earth%20Photo%20by%20%40keripickett%20-%20KJ-%20Line%203.jpg" width="800" /></p> <p><strong>By Cliff Kindy, Ken Jones, Melody Shank</strong></p> <p>As our 3-person CPT team made our way west from Duluth, Minnesota on 28 June, we began to see signs of pipeline construction: construction site entrances, a pump station, excavated roads, and easements. Soon we began to see blue yard signs with the slogans, “Minnesotans (depicted as the outline of the state) 4 Line 3;” “Go Line 3.” We saw only a few handmade opposition signs. We learned later that Enbridge Energy, the Canadian company constructing the pipeline, had rallied local support by financing the campaign and signs. We drove to the Stop Line 3 Welcome Center just north of Palisade, MN. There was no missing it; No Line 3 signs lined the road along the entrance to the camp.</p> <p>The camp is tucked into the beautiful North Woods. On one side of the road is the central gathering space where meals are served, projects are hatched, and community is built between core team members and long- and short-term visitors who gather around morning and evening campfires. Long-term camp members and Indigenous leaders make their home here. On the other side of the road is the River Camp, situated on the Mississippi River, where visitors can pitch their tents.</p> <p>We knew before arriving that Enbridge is building a large new pipeline through Anishinaabe territory in direct violation of treaty rights. This pipeline was much larger than existing pipelines and would transport an enormous volume of tar sand oil from Alberta to Lake Superior for export to foreign markets.&nbsp; We were joining an Indigenous-led struggle to prevent this from happening.</p> <p>We quickly learned the extent of imminent environmental danger brought by the pipeline, above and beyond fueling the climate emergency. Enbridge plans to drill under twenty-two rivers and cross many miles of wetlands; the predictable leaks will threaten hunting, gathering, and wild rice cultivation upon which tribes rely for subsistence. Already, the company has desecrated sacred sites, and the man camps have threatened Indigenous women. Resistance is being met with a systematic corporate counter-insurgency, where Enbridge provides funds to local police to protect its interests, offers buy-outs to Indigenous Nations for waiving their rights, and wages a disinformation campaign to win the approval of Minnesota citizens.</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="600" src="/sites/default/files/KJ%20-%20Line%203.1.jpg" width="800" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>We pitched our tents close to the prayer lodge built on public land directly in the path of the oncoming pipeline. A treaty signed in 1855 guaranteed such a use of public lands by the Anishinaabe, and attorneys are working to ensure this guarantee is honoured. A stop-work order from the Army Corps Engineers was already in place when we arrived while a court case was pending. Despite this, Enbridge was forging ahead with digging and drilling around the clock. After many confrontations with police and workers intent on removing the prayer lodge, the camp instituted a 24-hour watch to protect and hold the space. The first task asked of our team was to help with this watch.</p> <p>But shortly after we arrived, we learned that Enbridge’s sub-contractor had completed pulling the pipe under the road, under the Mississippi River, and under the prayer lodge. Camp leaders had thought the drilling noise was only the pilot drill that provides the clearance for workers to pull the 36” pipe through, so they were deflated to learned that the pipe was already set under the river. They had thought they still had time. Enbridge was working much faster than even permit documents outlined.</p> <p>In our weeks at the camp, we joined in the daily tasks of keeping the community life of the encampment running smoothly. Not a simple task, given the frequent comings-and-goings of people on a daily basis. We helped with dishes and cooking, kept wood fires burning, kept the sacred fire at the prayer lodge burning, led a de-escalation training session for the camp, and maintained a security watch at the front gate. We were part of regular meetings and conversations. We even helped the community prepare for and pull off a wedding!</p> <p>Our engagement in community life helped to forge relationships with the core team in the camp and fostered mutual trust, leading to our inclusion in plans for a direct action against the pipeline. One CPTer chose to risk arrest as he joined Indigenous and local women in canoes in the pipeline path across the Willow River. The two other CPTers served as legal observers for the activists constructing two road blockades that delayed construction workers from reaching the worksite. Our CPT accompaniment had taken on a new face.</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="600" src="/sites/default/files/KJ%20-%20Line%203.6.jpg" width="800" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>The canoe action turned out to be a critical event in the struggle here. The pilot drilling under the Willow River had caused a “frac-out”: the release of fluids from the horizontal directional drilling (HDD) process that rise to the surface. The sludge that river protectors saw was yellow, thick and warm. Observers also suspected that the drilling had punctured an aquifer. HDD fluids can seep into open aquifers, suffocate plants and animals, and cause water contamination. The Water Protectors couldn’t help but wonder how long the spill had been present in the water; what if they hadn’t come to the river on that day? They gathered water samples from the yellow sludge and continued to do so for several days. Amazingly, work stopped for the next four days and became one of the successes of the nonviolent campaign. The blockades and actions on that day resulted in six arrests and a three-day jail stay.</p> <p>The ease with which the actions occurred led to anger and frustration of the Aitkin County Sheriff’s Department. They threatened to remove all camp vehicles from the ditch area along the Great River Road between the Welcome Center and prayer lodge and ended up impounding three vehicles that were parked along public access roads near the actions.</p> <p>Over the next three days, over twenty people from the camp peacefully occupied the space in front of the county courthouse in a public show of solidarity for our six friends held in jail.</p> <p>As the time for our departure neared, we met with the core team, who expressed an interest in having long-term CPT presence to help facilitate camp security and community living, foster a spirit of nonviolence, and offer guidance in de-escalation strategies.</p> <p>The work will not end even if Line 3 is completed. We are part of a larger, ongoing struggle for Indigenous rights, the protection of Mother Earth, and the prevention of catastrophic climate change. It is being waged in the face of a massive corporate counterinsurgency campaign that uses the police, state government, and manipulated public opinion to repress dissent and target the Indigenous population.</p> <p><i>CPT is honoured to have had a presence at Line 3, learning and walking with Water Protectors. This is the second Team CPT has sent since the beginning of June. CPT is hoping to send more CPTers to be in solidarity with Water Protectors at Line 3. Follow us on social media and stay tuned!</i></p> </div> <div> <div>Categories</div> <div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1484" hreflang="en">Turtle Island Solidarity Network</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1430" hreflang="en">United States</a></div> </div> </div> Thu, 15 Jul 2021 09:02:36 +0000 Hannah 12543 at https://cpt.org Dear Diary: Today was hard https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/08/dear-diary-today-was-hard <span>Dear Diary: Today was hard</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/4" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Caldwell</span></span> <span>Thu, 07/08/2021 - 12:35</span> <div><p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="463" src="/sites/default/files/2021-07/210708_Palestine_3.jpg" width="700" /></p> <p><strong>By: Shahd Al Junaidi</strong></p> <p>It's Monday, June 14</p> <p>Every day before I sleep, I lay down and think about what has happened during the day. Today was very hard for me.&nbsp;</p> <p>As usual as a CPTer, I woke up at six a.m. I went to the office to meet my colleagues, where we prepare ourselves for our day's work. We check we have our IDs or see if we have a picture of it on our mobile phones. We then go to the checkpoints to monitor children going to school.</p> <p>The first checkpoint we pass is the Mosque checkpoint. The Israeli border police stop us and ask us to show our IDs. I think it's a way to tell us that they can control us, and they can do anything they want.&nbsp;</p> <p>When this happens, I ask myself why do we need to give them our ID to pass through these checkpoints? In fact, why do these checkpoints exist? Why do we need to prove every time that we are not terrorists or just to pass through without any one of us being arrested or without any problem. "Everyone has the right to freedom of movement," that is what the Universal Declaration of Human Rights says. But where is that right for Palestinians?</p> <p>We then walk for about 100m to go through Abed checkpoint. Today they didn't stop us but just looked at us. This behaviour now seems normal. But I remember the first day I had to. I was so stressed, I even avoided looking at the border police because I did not want them to shoot me or arrest me. I thought about all the bad things that might happen. I was so afraid. Honestly, even now, my heart beats faster when I walk through any checkpoint or see Israeli soldiers.</p> <p>We walked a little further and passed through the third checkpoint, known as Court checkpoint, and the same thing happened. Then again at the fourth and fifth checkpoints, until we arrive at the checkpoint the children pass through to go to their schools.</p> <p>Today, we went to monitor Al Salaymeh checkpoint. Like a normal working day we sat and started counting the children passing through. We monitor any ID checks, arrests, body checks, etc., and write notes. After about twenty-five minutes, we observed a young man named Saif call out to the Israeli soldiers to open the turnstile so he could get through with his bike. The soldiers told him to go through the electric barrier. After five minutes, they raised the barrier to allow Saif to pass.<a href="https://www.facebook.com/119528801443578/posts/4206124039450680/?d=n"> But while he was passing, the soldier dropped it on him, injuring his ear and ripping his shirt.</a></p> <p>It is the first time I saw something like this happen while monitoring. I went, and I asked him, "Are you ok?" Despite being in pain and his ear bleeding, he replied, "I'm fine."</p> <p>At that moment, I felt helpless, and this made me angry and sad at the same time. The only thing I can do is ask Saif to go to the hospital to stop his bleeding.</p> <p>Why can't I stop this? Why can't I go and ask the soldier why do you do something like this? Actually, there is no justification for what they did, and I honestly believe that there is no reason for all the things that the occupation does.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>While walking back to the CPT office, I wondered why Saif told me he is fine while he is in pain. My point of view is that as Palestinians, "we have to be strong." It's hard to tell people that we don't feel well. It makes us feel weak. Because of this and because we live under Israeli occupation, we need to prove to ourselves that we are stronger than them. Older people used to tell us that we have our dignity and that word has passed from generation to generation.&nbsp; &nbsp;</p> <p>So this part of my journey with CPT Palestine, and now I will leave you with two questions, What do you think and feel reading this? Do you think what happened is acceptable? For me, it's not.&nbsp;</p> </div> <div> <div>Categories</div> <div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1415" hreflang="en">Palestine</a></div> </div> </div> Thu, 08 Jul 2021 17:35:37 +0000 Caldwell 12541 at https://cpt.org Ege Göçmen Dayanışması: Moria 6 Davası https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/08/moria-6-davasi <span>Ege Göçmen Dayanışması: Moria 6 Davası</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/63" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Hannah</span></span> <span>Thu, 07/08/2021 - 09:55</span> <div><p>9 Temmuz 2021</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="600" src="/sites/default/files/SAVE_20210707_120145.jpg" width="800" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><a href="https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/08/aegean-migrant-solidarity-trial-moria-6">Read in English</a></p> <p><a href="https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/08/i-diki-ton-6-tis-morias">Διαβάστε στα ελληνικά&nbsp;</a></p> <p>Dört Afganistan Hazarası genç, insan hayatını riske atan kundaklama, kamusal mülke zarar verme ve suç örgütü üyeliği suçlarından yargılandı. Davanın öncesinde yetmişten fazla dayanışma örgütü ve STK, adil ve şeffaf bir yargılama talep eden&nbsp;<a href="https://freethemoria6.noblogs.org/who-are-the-moria6/">çağrı metnini imzaladı</a>.</p> <p>Mahkeme kapalı kapılar ardında gerçekleşti ve akredite uluslararası yasal gözlem ekibinin yanı sıra gazetecilerin içeri girmesine izin verilmedi. Covid-19 önlemleri bahane gösterilerek mahkemeye en fazla 15 kişinin girmesine izin verildi. Ancak 4 sanığa en az altı polis memuru eşlik etti. Skandal bir şekilde, yasal savunma ekibi mahkemeye girerken detaylı bir aramaya tabi tutuldu.</p> <p><a href="http://legalcentrelesvos.org/2021/06/25/%ce%b4%ce%b7%ce%bb%cf%89%cf%83%ce%b7-%cf%84%cf%89%ce%bd-%cf%83%cf%85%ce%bd%ce%b7%ce%b3%ce%bf%cf%81%cf%89%ce%bd-%cf%85%cf%80%ce%b5%cf%81%ce%b1%cf%83%cf%80%ce%b9%cf%83%ce%b7%cf%83-%cf%84%cf%89%ce%bd/">Mahkeme, avukatların yaptığı üç itirazla başladı</a>. Bunlardan ilki, dört gençten üçünün yangın sırasında on sekiz yaşından küçük oldukları için çocuk mahkemesinde yargılanması gerektiğiydi. Savunma mahkemeye yaşlarını kanıtlayan çeşitli belgeler sunmasına rağmen, mahkeme onları reddetti ve bunun yerine kriminoloji ve antropoloji geçmişine sahip 'uzman' bir sosyal bilimcinin röntgen incelemesine dayanarak yetişkin olduklarını iddia etti. Bu sosyal bilimcinin hiçbir tıbbi geçmişi ve böyle bir değerlendirme yapma yetkisi yoktu. Yine reddedilen ikinci itiraz, sanıklara verilen mahkeme tebligatının Yunanca olduğu ve anlayabilecekleri bir dile çevrilmediği yönündeydi. Yine reddedilen ve davanın kaderini belirleyen üçüncü itiraz ise, tek görgü tanığının mahkemede hazır bulunmadığı ve bulunması için herhangi bir girişimde bulunulmadığı için ifadesinin dikkate alınmaması talebiydi.</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="453" src="/sites/default/files/IMG_20210707_122117.jpg" width="800" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Duruşmaya çağrılan 31 tanıktan polis ve itfaiyeciler, yangın sonucu arazilerinde mallarını kaybeden Moria köyü sakinleri, Avrupa İltica Destek Ofisi (EASO) çalışanları ve sivil toplum görevlileri de dahil olmak üzere on beş kişi katıldı. Tüm anlatılar çelişkiliydi. Sanıklar, İtfaiye'nin raporuna göre, kampın bir bölümünde 8 Eylül'de, ertesi güne kadar yanmayan bir yangını çıkarmakla suçlandılar. Tüm kovuşturma tanıklarının bu kaotik günlerle ilgili farklı ifadeleri vardı. Anlaşmaya varılan tek nokta, tanıklardan hiçbirinin sanık dört kişiyi tanımamasıydı.</p> <p>Peki bu gençler neden tutuklandı? Mart 2021'de iki zanlının yargılandığı duruşmada olduğu gibi, gıyabında tanıklığı okunacak olan bu tanık neredeydi? 2016 yılından bu yana, Moria kampında yaşayan polis muhbirleri <a href="https://www.cpt.org/cptnet/2020/08/06/aegean-migrant-solidarity-knife-was-not-only-murder-weapon">toplu protestoları engelledi</a> veya <a href="https://dm-aegean.bordermonitoring.eu/2019/02/23/moria-8-declared-innocent/">devletin kovuşturma davasına yardımcı oldu</a>. Bir göçmeni diğerine düşman yapan sistem, işbirlikçiyi hızlandırılmış bir sığınma prosedürü ve adaları terk ederek anakaraya çok daha hızla ulaşma ile ödüllendiriyor. Bu tanık da, yıkılan 6 hayat karşılığında Yunanistan'ı terk etti.</p> <p>6 gencin de Hazara etnik grubundan olması tesadüf mü? Moria kampında eski bir Afgan toplum lideri olan tanık, Peştun topluluğunun bir üyesiydi. Hazaraların uğradığı zulüm bugünlerde <a href="https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/6/13/anger-as-afghanistan-mourns-death-of-car-blast-victims">soykırım adı altında yeniden gündemde</a>. 2020 yılının başlarında kamplarda artan şiddet olaylarından en fazla zarar görenler Afrika ülkelerinden gelenlerle birlikte Hazaralar oldu. 21 Nisan 2020'de Hazara topluluğu, <a href="https://www.infomigrants.net/en/post/23998/afghan-teenage-migrant-stabbed-to-death-in-moria">16 yaşındaki bir gencin bıçaklanarak öldüğü</a>, dördünün ise ciddi biçimde yaralandığı kavganın ardından, maruz kaldıkları şiddeti protesto etmek amacıyla bir eylem düzenlediler. Hazara ve Peştun grupları arasındaki ilişki bu makalenin kapsamına giremeyecek kadar derin, bununla birlikte yüzyılı aşkın bir süredir devam eden bu çatışmanın Avrupa'daki cehennem kampında, bir hapishanenin parmaklıkları arasında. çözülmesini beklemek de aynı derecede anlamsız olacaktır.</p> <p>Mahkemede hazır bulunan dört savunma tanığından çoğu kendilerine yapılan muameleden dolayı kendilerini aşağılanmış hissettiklerini ve kendileriyle agresif bir şekilde konuşulduğunu, yangını neredeyse kendilerinin çıkarmış gibi hissettirdiklerini ifade etti. Ne zaman bir tanık Moria kampındaki koşullardan bahsetseler, hem savcının hem de mahkeme başkanının, koşulların davayla hiçbir ilgisi olmadığı iddiasıyla sözleri kesildi. Hazara-Peştun ilişkileri konusunda uzman bir tanık, Hazara ve Peştun toplulukları arasındaki gerilimin tarihini anlattı. Onun ifadesi dikkate alınmadı ve ona tüyler ürpertici bir cevap verildi: “Sen Hazara değil misin? Peştunlardan nefret etmediğini ve Peştun liderini suçlamadığını nereden bileceğiz?" Yunan uyruklu olmayan bir sivil toplum kuruluşunun çalışanı olan başka bir tanığın sözü, "Burada kendi hükümetinizin sorumluluğu hakkında ne söylersiniz?" sorusuyla kesildi. Yunan gazeteci "İyi bir gazeteciyseniz yangını kimin çıkardığını neden bulamıyorsunuz?" ifadeleriyle saldırıya uğradı. Son tanık, Ege Üniversitesi'nden sosyolog profesör Moria kampındaki koşullar hakkında konuşmaya çalıştı. Mahkeme, "Bütün bunların bir Avrupa sorunu olduğunu kabul ediyor musunuz?" diye sordu.</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="600" src="/sites/default/files/Moria%20is%20not%20safe%20for%20Hazara%20people%2021.04.2020.jpg" width="800" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>İlk uzun 12 saatlik günün sonunda, dört genç polis arabalarına bindirildi. Onlarla dayanışma içinde olan bizler, Azadi (Özgürlük) sloganın yanı sıra&nbsp; “Το πάθος για τη λευτεριά, είναι δυνατότερο από όλα τα κελιά” (Özgürlük tutkusu tüm kafeslerden daha güçlüdür) sloganını attık. Karar ertesi gün, 12 Haziran Cumartesi günü saat 15.00 sıralarında geldi. Gençlerin her biri onar yıl hapis cezasına çarptırıldı. Suç örgütü üyeliği dışında tüm suçlamalar geçerliliğini korudu. Savunma ekibinin olağanüstü çabaları başarısız olmuştu. Kararın ardından mahkeme dışında konuşan avukatlara göre, 'Bu haksız karar cezadan da beter, çünkü hukuku öldürüyor ve varlığını inkar ediyor.</p> <p>Polisin kriminalize edilmiş göçmenlerle dayanışmayı ortadan kaldırmak için büyük çaba göstereceği açık. Midilli'den Sakız Adası'na giden feribottan inerken, liman yetkililerinden görevliler sadece sanıkların yanında durmak için seyahat eden bizleri hedef alarak 'tipik kontroller' yapıp pasaportlarımızı ve bilgilerimizi kaydettiler. Daha sonra, Yunan basınında, mahkeme destekçilerinin 'casusluk', 'göçmen kaçakçılığı' ve 'diğer suçlamalar' nedeniyle polis soruşturmasına tabi tutulduklarını söyleyen, dayanışma gruplarını <a href="https://www.parapolitika.gr/politiki/article/1123348/parelasi-kataskopon-gia-ti-moria-upopto-parelthon-kai-varies-katigories-gia-epta-apo-tous-30-allilegguous/">yalan bir şekilde karalayan bir makale yayımlandı.</a></p> <p>22 Haziran'da Midilli mahkemesinde Sakız Adası’ndaki Vial Kampı’nda yangın çıkarmakla yargılanan 15 gencin davasına başlandı. Nisan 2020'de Sakız Adası'ndaki Vial kampında çıkan yangından <a href="https://cantevictsolidarity.noblogs.org/post/2021/06/29/pressemitteilung-abschliesendes-urteil-gegen-die-vial-15/">Vial 15 olarak bilinen kişiler sorumlu tutuldu</a>. Yine Aegean Migrant Solidarity üyeleri mahkeme sürecini izlemeye çalıştıkları için polis taciziyle karşılaştı. Davaların Ege'nin farklı adalarında gerçekleşmesinin, dayanışmayı bölme taktiği olduğu açık. Buna rağmen, Samos ve Sakızlı savunma avukatlarının yanı sıra Midilli göçmen dayanışma hareketi üyeleri mahkemeye katıldı. Avukatlar, aktivistler ve insan hakları savunucuları kriminalize edilseler de de, bu baskıcı dinamikler insanları birbirine daha çok bağlanıyor ve bu durum adalar arasında dayanışmayı kuvvetlendiriyor.</p> </div> <div> <div>Categories</div> <div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1402" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1486" hreflang="en">Aegean Migrant Solidarity</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1413" hreflang="en">Migration</a></div> </div> </div> Thu, 08 Jul 2021 14:55:32 +0000 Hannah 12539 at https://cpt.org Η ΔΙΚΗ ΤΩΝ 6 ΤΗΣ ΜΟΡΙΑΣ https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/08/i-diki-ton-6-tis-morias <span>Η ΔΙΚΗ ΤΩΝ 6 ΤΗΣ ΜΟΡΙΑΣ</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/63" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Hannah</span></span> <span>Thu, 07/08/2021 - 09:44</span> <div><p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px">9 July 2021</p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="600" src="/sites/default/files/SAVE_20210707_120145.jpg" width="800" /></p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px">&nbsp;</p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><a href="https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/08/aegean-migrant-solidarity-trial-moria-6">Read in English</a></p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><a href="https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/08/moria-6-davasi">Türkçe okuyun</a></p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#000000"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Η δίκη των 4 από τους 6 εφήβους Αφγανούς – καταγωγής Χαζαρά –&nbsp; που κατηγορήθηκαν για το κάψιμο του ΚΥΤ της Μόριας τον περασμένο Σεπτέμβριο, που είναι και γνωστή η υπόθεση ως οι 6 της Μόριας, πραγματοποιήθηκε στις 11 Ιουνίου 2021 στο δικαστήριο της Χίου. Παρά το γεγονός ότι 5 από τους 6 ήταν ανήλικοι, μόνο 2 από αυτούς αναγνωρίστηκαν και δικάστηκαν στο Δικαστήριο Ανηλίκων της Μυτιλήνης.&nbsp; Η υπόθεση των 2 εκδικάστηκε τον Μάρτιο του 2021 και καταδικάστηκαν σε ποινή φυλάκισης 5 ετών.&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#000000"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Οι τέσσερις έφηβοι από το Αφγανιστάν – καταγωγής Χαζαρά– καταδικάστηκαν για «εμπρησμό θέτοντας σε κίνδυνο τις ζωές αγνώστου αριθμού ανθρώπων», «καταστροφή δημόσιες περιουσίας» και «ένταξη σε εγκληματική συμμορία». Πριν από την δίκη, </span></span></span></span></span></span><a href="https://freethemoria6.noblogs.org/%ce%b5%ce%bb%ce%bb%ce%b7%ce%bd%ce%b9%ce%ba%ce%ac-%ce%b4%ce%b9%ce%b5%ce%ba%ce%b4%ce%b9%ce%ba%ce%bf%cf%8d%ce%bc%ce%b5-%ce%b4%ce%af%ce%ba%ce%b1%ce%b9%ce%b7-%ce%ba%ce%b1%ce%b9-%ce%b4%ce%b9%ce%b1%cf%86/" style="text-decoration:none"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#0563c1"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:underline"><span style="-webkit-text-decoration-skip:none"><span style="text-decoration-skip-ink:none">πάνω από εβδομήντα ομάδες αλληλεγγύης και Μη Κυβερνητικές Οργανώσεις, υπέγραψαν ανοιχτό κάλεσμα αλληλεγγύης</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></a><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#000000"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none"> για μια δίκαιη και διαφανή δίκη.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#000000"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Το δικαστήριο έλαβε χώρα κεκλεισμένων των θυρών, επιτρέποντας μόνο τον μέγιστο αριθμό των 15 ατόμων μέσα στη δικαστική αίθουσα, φαινομενικά λόγω των μέτρων του COVID – 19. Οι αρχές δεν επέτρεψαν την είσοδο σε διαπιστευμένη διεθνή νομική ομάδα παρατήρησης, όπως και σε δημοσιογράφους, ωστόσο, οι 4 κατηγορούμενοι συνοδευόντουσαν από τουλάχιστον 6 αστυνομικούς. Σκανδαλωδώς, η νομική ομάδα υπεράσπισης υποβλήθηκε σε ενδελεχή έρευνα κατά την είσοδο της στη δικαστική αίθουσα.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="453" src="/sites/default/files/IMG_20210707_122117.jpg" width="800" /></p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px">&nbsp;</p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><a href="http://legalcentrelesvos.org/2021/06/25/%ce%b4%ce%b7%ce%bb%cf%89%cf%83%ce%b7-%cf%84%cf%89%ce%bd-%cf%83%cf%85%ce%bd%ce%b7%ce%b3%ce%bf%cf%81%cf%89%ce%bd-%cf%85%cf%80%ce%b5%cf%81%ce%b1%cf%83%cf%80%ce%b9%cf%83%ce%b7%cf%83-%cf%84%cf%89%ce%bd/" style="text-decoration:none"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#0563c1"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:underline"><span style="-webkit-text-decoration-skip:none"><span style="text-decoration-skip-ink:none">Το δικαστήριο ξεκίνησε με τρεις διαδικαστικές ενστάσεις από τους δικηγόρους υπεράσπισης</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></a><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#000000"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">. Η πρώτη ένσταση ήταν ότι τρεις από τους τέσσερις κατηγορούμενους θα πρέπει να παραπεμφθεί στο δικαστήριο ανηλίκων, λόγω ότι η ηλικία του ήταν κάτω των 18 την στιγμή της πυρκαγιάς. Παρά το γεγονός ότι η υπεράσπιση παρουσίασε στο δικαστήριο διάφορα έγγραφα που αποδεικνύουν την ηλικία των κατηγορουμένων, η έδρα τα απέρριψε, θεωρώντας αντ’ αυτού ως ειδικό έναν κοινωνικό επιστήμονα με ιστορικό στην εγκληματολογία και την ανθρωπολογία, ο οποίος υποστήριξε ότι είναι ενήλικοι βάση εξέτασης ακτινογραφιών. Ο συγκεκριμένος κοινωνικός επιστήμονας δεν είχε καμία ιατρική εξειδίκευση και καμία τέτοια εξουσία για να κάνει μία τέτοια αξιολόγηση. Η δεύτερη ένσταση, που απορρίφθηκε επίσης, ήταν ότι η δικαστική κλήση που δόθηκε στους κατηγορουμένους, ήταν στα ελληνικά και δεν μεταφράστηκε σε γλώσσα που θα μπορούσαν να κατανοήσουν. Η τρίτη ένσταση που απορρίφθηκε και αυτή και η οποία καθόρισε την έκβαση της υπόθεσης, ήταν το αίτημα των δικηγόρων να μην ληφθεί υπόψιν η κατάθεση του μοναδικού αυτόπτη μάρτυρα επειδή δεν ήταν παρών στο δικαστήριο και δεν έγινε καμία προσπάθεια να βρεθεί.&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#000000"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Από τους 31 μάρτυρες κατηγορίες που κλήθηκαν για ανάκριση, εμφανίστηκαν οι 15 στο δικαστήριο, συμπεριλαμβανομένων των αστυνομικών και των πυροσβεστών, των κατοίκων της Μόριας που έχασαν την περιουσία τους λόγω της πυρκαγιάς, υπαλλήλων της Ευρωπαϊκής Υπηρεσίας Ασύλου (EASO) και εργαζόμενοι Μη Κυβερνητικών Οργανώσεων που βρισκόντουσαν κοντά στη φωτιά. Όλες οι καταθέσεις τους ήταν τελείως αντιφατικές μεταξύ τους. Οι κατηγορούμενοι κατηγορούνται για την έναρξη μιας πυρκαγιάς στις 8 Σεπτεμβρίου, σε ένα μέρος του ΚΥΤ, που σύμφωνα με την έκθεση της Πυροσβεστικής, δεν είχε κάψει τίποτα μέχρι την επόμενη ημέρα. Όλοι οι μάρτυρες κατηγορίες έκαναν διαφορετικές τοποθετήσεις σχετικά με εκείνες τις ημέρες χάους που επικρατούσαν. Το μοναδικό κοινό σημείο που υπήρξε στις καταθέσεις τους ήταν ότι κανένας μάρτυρας κατηγορίας δεν αναγνώριζε τους τέσσερις κατηγορούμενους.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#000000"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Γιατί λοιπόν συνελήφθησαν αυτοί οι νέοι άνθρωποι; Που ήταν αυτός ο μάρτυρας κατηγορίας, του οποίου η μαρτυρία διαβάστηκε και λήφθηκε υπόψιν παρά την απουσία του, όπως συνέβη τον Μάρτιο του 2021 κατά τη διάρκεια της ακρόασης για τους άλλους δύο ανήλικους κατηγορούμενους. Από το 2016, μετανάστες – πληροφοριοδότες που συνεργάζονται με την αστυνομία, που ζουν στο ΚΥΤ της Μόριας, έχουν καταφέρει να σπάσουν μαζικές διαμαρτυρίες ή έχουν βοηθήσει το κράτος να ασκήσει διώξεις προς τους έγκλειστους μετανάστ(ρι)ες. Το σύστημα, το οποίο καθιστά τον κάθε μετανάστη εχθρικό προς τον άλλον, και επιβραβεύει αυτόν που θα μαρτυρήσει, με μία γρήγορη διαδικασία ασύλου και την ευκολία να αφήσουν τα νησιά και να κατευθυνθούν προς την ηπειρωτική Ελλάδα πολύ πιο γρήγορα. Ο συγκεκριμένος μάρτυρας έφυγε από την Ελλάδα με το κόστος της καταστροφής 6 ανθρώπινων ζωών.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#000000"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Είναι τυχαίο ότι και οι 6 νεαροί προέρχονται από την εθνοτική ομάδα των Χαζαρά; Ο μάρτυρας κατηγορίας, πρώην ηγέτης κοινότητας των Αφγανών στη Μόρια, ήταν μέλος της εθνοτικής ομάδας των Παστούν. Η δίωξη των Χαζαρά βρίσκεται ξανά στην επικαιρότητα, με τον όρο της γενοκτονίας. Δυστυχώς, οι διώξεις τους δεν γνωρίζουν σύνορα. Οι Χαζαρά και οι πληθυσμοί από τα αφρικανικά κράτη ήταν εκείνοι που υπέφεραν περισσότερα από τα αυξανόμενα περιστατικά βίας μέσα στα στρατόπεδα συγκέντρωσης στις αρχές του 2020. Στις 21 Απριλίου 2020, η κοινότητα των Χαζαρά διαδήλωσε ενάντια στην βία που αντιμετώπισαν, μετά τον θάνατο ενός 16χρονου αγοριού από μαχαίρι κατά τη διάρκεια μιας μάχης, κατά την οποία 4 άλλοι τραυματίστηκαν σοβαρά. Προφανώς η σχέση μεταξύ των Χαζαρά και των Παστούν είναι πολύ πιο βαθιά για να μπορέσει να καλυφθεί στο συγκεκριμένο άρθρο, αλλά θα ήταν εξίσου άσκοπο να περιμένουμε να επιλυθεί αυτή η σύγκρουση, η οποία μετράει ιστορία άνω του ενός αιώνα, για να βρεθεί η λύση σε ένα στρατόπεδο – κόλαση όπως είναι η Μόρια, πίσω από της φυλακής τα σίδερα.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="600" src="/sites/default/files/Moria%20is%20not%20safe%20for%20Hazara%20people%2021.04.2020.jpg" width="800" /></p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px">&nbsp;</p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#000000"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Και οι τέσσερις μάρτυρες υπεράσπισης που ήταν παρόντες στο δικαστήριο δήλωσαν ότι αισθάνθηκαν ταπεινωμένοι από τον τρόπο με τον οποίο τους φέρθηκαν από την έδρα και ότι τους μιλούσαν πολύ επιθετικά, κάνοντας τους να αισθανθούν σαν να ήταν αυτοί οι οποίοι ξεκίνησαν την πυρκαγιά. Κάθε φορά που ένας μάρτυρας υπεράσπισης ανέφερε τις συνθήκες στο ΚΥΤ της Μόριας, τον διέκοπταν ο εισαγγελέας και ο πρόεδρος του δικαστηρίου, λέγοντας ότι οι συνθήκες δεν είχαν καμία σχέση με την υπόθεση. Ένας μάρτυρας υπεράσπισης, ειδικός στις σχέσεις μεταξύ Χαζαρά και Παστούν, εξήγησε την ιστορία της εχθρικότητας που υπάρχει μεταξύ αυτών των δύο κοινοτήτων, όμως η μαρτυρία του δεν λήφθηκε υπόψιν. Του δόθηκε η απάντηση από την έδρα «Εσύ δεν είσαι από την κοινότητα των Χαζαρά; Πως γνωρίζουμε ότι δεν μισείτε τους Παστούν και δεν κατηγορείτε επίτηδες των ηγέτη των Παστούν;». Ένας άλλος μάρτυρας υπεράσπισης, που ήταν εργαζόμενος Μη Κυβερνητικής Οργάνωσης, ξένης καταγωγής, διακόπηκε την ώρα της μαρτυρίας της από την ερώτηση «Τι έχετε να πείτε για την ευθύνη της δικής σας κυβέρνησης σχετικά με το ζήτημα;». Ένας Έλληνας δημοσιογράφος επίσης δέχθηκε επίθεση από την έδρα λέγοντας του «Αν είσαι τόσο καλός δημοσιογράφος, γιατί δεν μπορούσες να εντοπίσεις ποιος ξεκίνησε την φωτιά;». Ο τελευταίος μάρτυρας υπεράσπισης, καθηγητής κοινωνιολογίας του Πανεπιστημίου Αιγαίου, αποπειράθηκε να μιλήσει για τις συνθήκες που επικρατούν στο ΚΥΤ της Μόριας. Ρωτήθηκε από δικαστήριο, «Αποδέχεστε ότι όλο αυτό είναι ένα Ευρωπαϊκό πρόβλημα;»</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#000000"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Στο τέλος της πρώτης μαραθώνιας ημέρας, διάρκειας 12 ωρών, οι τέσσερις νέοι αποχώρησαν με αστυνομικά αυτοκίνητα. Όσοι από εμάς βρισκόμασταν στα δικαστήρια ως αλληλέγγυοι, φωνάξαμε Azadi (Ελευθερία) μαζί με το ελληνικό σύνθημα </span></span></span></span></span></span><span style="font-size:10pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#000000"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">«Το πάθος για τη λευτεριά είναι δυνατότερο από όλα τα κελιά». Η ετυμηγορία ήρθε την επόμενη μέρα, το Σάββατο 12 Ιουνίου, στις 15:00 το μεσημέρι. Και οι 4 έφηβοι καταδικάστηκαν με ποινή φυλάκισης 10 ετών. Κρίθηκαν ένοχοι για όλες τις κατηγορίες, εκτός από την συμμετοχή σε εγκληματική συμμορία. Οι υπερπροσπάθειες που κατέβαλλε η νομική ομάδα υπεράσπισης απέτυχαν ολοκληρωτικά. Σύμφωνα με τους δικηγόρους, οι οποίοι μίλησαν έξω από το δικαστήριο μετά την ετυμηγορία δήλωσαν πως «Αυτή η άδικη απόφαση είναι ακόμη χειρότερη από την ίδια την τιμωρία, γιατί σκοτώνει τον νόμο και αρνείται την ίδια την ύπαρξη του».</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:10pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#000000"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Καθίσταται σαφές ότι η αστυνομία έχει σκοπό να διαλύσει οποιαδήποτε μορφή αλληλεγγύης που συνοδεύει οποιονδήποτε μετανάστη. Όπως αποβιβαστήκαμε από το πλοίο της γραμμής στο λιμάνι της Χίου, αξιωματικοί του λιμενικού κατευθύνθηκαν μόνο σε εκείνους που ταξίδεψαν για να παρευρεθούν στη δίκη, κάνοντας μας έναν «τυπικό έλεγχο», καταγράφοντας τα προσωπικά μας στοιχεία. Μετά από κάποιες ημέρες, </span></span></span></span></span></span><a href="https://www.parapolitika.gr/politiki/article/1123348/parelasi-kataskopon-gia-ti-moria-upopto-parelthon-kai-varies-katigories-gia-epta-apo-tous-30-allilegguous/" style="text-decoration:none"><span style="font-size:10pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#0563c1"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:underline"><span style="-webkit-text-decoration-skip:none"><span style="text-decoration-skip-ink:none">δημοσιεύτηκε στον ελληνικό τύπο</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></a><span style="font-size:10pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#000000"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none"> ένα άρθρο με λανθασμένες πληροφορίες που κατηγορεί τους αλληλέγγυους που βρισκόντουσαν στο δικαστήριο, ότι βρίσκονται υπό αστυνομικές έρευνες για «κατασκοπεία», «λαθρεμπόριο» και άλλες ποινικές κατηγορίες.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:10pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#000000"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Στις 22 Ιουνίου 2021, ξεκίνησε η δίκη των 15 νέων ανθρώπων, στο Δικαστήριο της Μυτιλήνης στη Λέσβο. Η υπόθεση είναι γνωστή ως </span></span></span></span></span></span><a href="https://www.efsyn.gr/node/300434" style="text-decoration:none"><span style="font-size:10pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#0563c1"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:underline"><span style="-webkit-text-decoration-skip:none"><span style="text-decoration-skip-ink:none">ΒΙΑΛ 15</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></a><span style="font-size:10pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#000000"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">, και οι κατηγορούμενοι θεωρήθηκαν υπεύθυνοι για την πυρκαγιά που ξέσπασε στο ΚΥΤ της ΒΙΑΛ στην Χίο τον Απρίλιο του 2020. Και πάλι, τα μέλη της Aegean Migrant Solidarity παρενοχλήθηκαν από τις αστυνομικές δυνάμεις, επειδή προσπάθησαν να παρακολουθήσουν την διαδικαστική διαδικασία. Είναι σαφές ότι η διεξαγωγή των δικαστικών διαδικασιών σε διάφορα νησιά του Αιγαίου είναι μία συνήθης τακτική για που έχει ως σκοπό την διάσπαση της αλληλεγγύης. Παρ’ όλα αυτά, αρκετοί αλληλέγγυοι που βρίσκονται στη Λέσβο παρευρέθηκαν στο δικαστήριο, μαζί με τους δικηγόρους υπεράσπισης από τη Σάμο και τη Χίο.&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.295; margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:10pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><span style="color:#000000"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Παρά το γεγονός ότι δικηγόροι, ακτιβιστές και υπέρμαχοι των ανθρωπίνων δικαιωμάτων ποινικοποιούνται, οι δυναμικές καταπίεσης που υπάρχουν, ενώνουν όλους αυτούς τους ανθρώπους και τους ενθαρρύνει να δείξουν την αλληλεγγύη τους μεταξύ των νησιών.&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> <div> <div>Categories</div> <div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1402" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1486" hreflang="en">Aegean Migrant Solidarity</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1413" hreflang="en">Migration</a></div> </div> </div> Thu, 08 Jul 2021 14:44:12 +0000 Hannah 12538 at https://cpt.org AEGEAN MIGRANT SOLIDARITY: Trial of the Moria 6 https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/08/aegean-migrant-solidarity-trial-moria-6 <span>AEGEAN MIGRANT SOLIDARITY: Trial of the Moria 6</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/63" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Hannah</span></span> <span>Thu, 07/08/2021 - 09:28</span> <div><p>9 July 2021</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="600" src="/sites/default/files/SAVE_20210707_120145.jpg" width="800" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><a href="https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/08/i-diki-ton-6-tis-morias">Διαβάστε στα ελληνικά&nbsp;</a></p> <p><a href="https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/08/moria-6-davasi">Türkçe okuyun</a></p> <p>The trial of four of the six Afghan youth—all teenagers, all of Hazara origin—accused of burning down Moria camp last September, collectively known as the Moria 6, was held on 11 June 2021 in Chios Island. Although five of the six were minors, only two of them were recognized as such and were tried in Mytilene juvenile court. The case of these two was heard in March 2021 and they were sentenced to five years imprisonment each.</p> <p>The remaining four were on trial for ‘arson endangering the life of an unknown number of people’, ‘destruction of public property’ and ‘membership of a criminal group’. Before the trial, <a href="https://freethemoria6.noblogs.org/signers-of-the-statement/">more than seventy solidarity groups and non-governmental organizations signed an open call</a> for a fair and transparent trial.</p> <p>The trial took place behind closed doors, only permitting a maximum of 15 people in the room, ostensibly due to Covid-19 measures. Authorities prevented entry to an accredited international legal observation team as well as several journalists, however, the four defendants were accompanied by at least six police officers. Scandalously, the legal defence team was subjected to a thorough search on entry to the court.</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="453" src="/sites/default/files/IMG_20210707_122117.jpg" width="800" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><a href="http://legalcentrelesvos.org/2021/06/25/%ce%b4%ce%b7%ce%bb%cf%89%cf%83%ce%b7-%cf%84%cf%89%ce%bd-%cf%83%cf%85%ce%bd%ce%b7%ce%b3%ce%bf%cf%81%cf%89%ce%bd-%cf%85%cf%80%ce%b5%cf%81%ce%b1%cf%83%cf%80%ce%b9%cf%83%ce%b7%cf%83-%cf%84%cf%89%ce%bd/">The court began with three procedural objections by the lawyers</a>. The first of these was that three of the four young people ought to be tried in juvenile court because they were under the age of eighteen at the time of the fire. Although the defence presented to the court various documents proving their age, the court rejected them, crediting instead an ‘expert’ social scientist with a background in criminology and anthropology, who claimed they were adults on the basis of an x-ray examination. This social scientist had no medical background, and no authority to make such an assessment. The second objection, also rejected, was that the court notice given to the defendants was in Greek and was not translated into a language the young men could understand. The third objection, rejected again and which determined the fate of the case, was the request that the testimony of the sole eyewitness should not be taken into account because he was not present at the court and no attempt had been made to find him.</p> <p>Of the 31 witnesses called for questioning, fifteen attended the hearing, including police and firefighters, residents of Moria village who lost property on their land as a result of the fire, employees of the European Asylum Support Office (EASO), and non-governmental organization employees who had witnessed the fire closely. All their narratives were contradictory. The defendants were accused of starting a fire on 8 September 2020 in a section of the camp that, according to the report of the Fire Department, did not burn until the next day. All prosecution witnesses had different accounts of these chaotic days. The only point of agreement was that none of the witnesses knew the four accused men.</p> <p>So why were these young people arrested? Where was this witness for the prosecution, whose testimony would be read despite his absence, as it had been during the March 2021 hearing for the two co-accused minors? Since 2016, police informants living in Moria camp have <a href="https://www.cpt.org/cptnet/2020/08/06/aegean-migrant-solidarity-knife-was-not-only-murder-weapon">broken mass protests</a> or <a href="https://dm-aegean.bordermonitoring.eu/2019/02/23/moria-8-declared-innocent/">helped the state’s case for prosecution</a>. The system, which turns one migrant hostile towards another, rewards the collaborator with an accelerated asylum procedure and the ability to leave the islands for the mainland much faster. This witness left Greece for the price of six destroyed lives.</p> <p>Is it a coincidence that all six of the young men are from the Hazara ethnic group? The witness, a former Afghan community leader in Moria camp, was a member of the Pashtun community. The persecution of the Hazaras is now on the agenda again, <a href="https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/6/13/anger-as-afghanistan-mourns-death-of-car-blast-victims">under the name of genocide</a>. Unfortunately, their persecution has no borders. Along with people from African states, Hazaras were those who suffered the most from increasing incidents of violence inside the camps in early 2020. On 21 April 2020, the Hazara community demonstrated against the violence they faced, following the death <a href="https://www.infomigrants.net/en/post/23998/afghan-teenage-migrant-stabbed-to-death-in-moria">of a 16-year-old Hazara boy</a> who was stabbed during a fight and four others were seriously injured. Of course, the relationship between Hazara and Pashtun groups is too deep to cover in the scope of this article, but it would be just as pointless to expect this conflict, more than a century old, to be resolved in a hellish camp in Europe, between the bars of a prison.</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="600" src="/sites/default/files/Moria%20is%20not%20safe%20for%20Hazara%20people%2021.04.2020.jpg" width="800" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Several of the defence witnesses who were present at the court stated that they felt humiliated by the way that they were treated and that they were spoken to aggressively, made to feel that they had almost started the fire themselves. Every time a witness mentioned the conditions in Moria camp they were cut off by claims from both the prosecutor and the chief of the court that the conditions had nothing to do with the case. One witness, an expert on Hazara-Pashtun relations, explained the history of tension between the Hazara and Pashtun communities. His statement was not taken into account. He was given a chilling answer: “Aren't you Hazara? How do we know you don't hate the Pashtuns and blame the Pashtun leader?” Another witness, an employee of an NGO of non-Greek nationality, was interrupted by the question, “What would you say about your own government’s responsibility here?” A Greek journalist was attacked with the words “If you are a good journalist, why couldn’t you find out who started the fire?” The last witness, a sociologist professor from the University of the Aegean, tried to talk about the conditions in Moria camp. He was asked by the court, “Do you accept that all this is a European problem?”</p> <p>At the end of the first 12-hour day, the four youths were taken away in police cars. Those of us standing in solidarity with them chanted Azadi (Freedom), accompanied by the Greek slogan: “Το πάθος για τη λευτεριά, είναι δυνατότερο από όλα τα κελιά” (The passion for freedom is stronger than all cages). The verdict came the following day, Saturday 12 June at around 15:00. The teenagers were all sentenced to ten years in prison. They were found guilty on all charges except membership of a criminal group. The extraordinary efforts of the defence team had failed. According to the lawyers, who spoke outside the court after the verdict, ‘This unfair decision is even worse than the punishment because it kills the law and denies its very existence.”</p> <p>It is clear that the police will go to great lengths to dismantle solidarity with criminalized migrants. As we disembarked the ferry from Lesvos to Chios, officers from the port authority targeted only those of us travelling to stand with the accused, taking us for ‘routine checks’ taking our passports and noting our information. Later, <a href="https://www.parapolitika.gr/politiki/article/1123348/parelasi-kataskopon-gia-ti-moria-upopto-parelthon-kai-varies-katigories-gia-epta-apo-tous-30-allilegguous/">an article appeared in the Greek press incorrectly smearing the court supporters</a> as being subject to police investigations for ‘espionage’, ‘smuggling of migrants’ and ‘other criminal charges’.</p> <p>On 22 June, the trial of 15 young people began in Mytilene court, Lesvos. <a href="https://cantevictsolidarity.noblogs.org/post/2021/06/29/pressemitteilung-abschliesendes-urteil-gegen-die-vial-15/">Known as the Vial 15</a>, they were held responsible for the fire that broke out in Vial camp in Chios in April 2020. Again, members of Aegean Migrant Solidarity faced police harassment for attempting to monitor the court procedure. It is clear that holding trials on different islands around the Aegean is a tactic to divide solidarity. Despite this, members of the Lesvos migrant solidarity movement attended the trial, alongside defence lawyers from Samos and Chios. Although lawyers, activists and human rights defenders are being criminalized for seeking justice, these oppressive dynamics are connecting people and encouraging solidarity between the islands.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Read more about the systematic criminalization of migrants in our report, <a href="https://cpt.org/sites/default/files/2020-12/Incarcerating%20the%20Marginalized%20Report%202020.pdf">‘Incarcerating the Marginalized’</a></p> </div> <div> <div>Categories</div> <div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1402" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1486" hreflang="en">Aegean Migrant Solidarity</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1391" hreflang="en">Afghanistan</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1413" hreflang="en">Migration</a></div> </div> </div> Thu, 08 Jul 2021 14:28:20 +0000 Hannah 12537 at https://cpt.org TISN: One way prayer works when Oak Flat is under fire https://cpt.org/cptnet/2021/07/08/tisn-one-way-prayer-works-when-oak-flat-under-fire <span>TISN: One way prayer works when Oak Flat is under fire</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/63" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Hannah</span></span> <span>Thu, 07/08/2021 - 03:02</span> <div><p>8 July 2021</p> <p><img alt="" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="757" src="/sites/default/files/oak%20flat%20ancient%20oak.JPG" width="800" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="line-height:1.38; background-color:#ffffff"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">There are many ways sacred land can be under fire.&nbsp; For many years Chich’il Bildagoteel, sacred land also known as Oak Flat, has been threatened with destruction by being hollowed out and collapsed by a copper mine.&nbsp; This season the threat of fire has also been literal.&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.38; background-color:#ffffff"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">During the first week of June 2021, the “telegraph fire” raged up Apache Leap and crested the ridge to the west of Oak Flat.&nbsp; Firefighters told Wendsler Nosie that the firestorm was so fierce that they expected it to wipe Oak Flat out. The fire quickly raged down the slope towards an area where creation lines up in an ancient pictograph and marches across red stone, all living beings, including humans, headed somewhere together.&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.38; background-color:#ffffff"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Then the fire turned and went out, though the area is rich with vegetation.&nbsp; One of the firefighters said that there are now 80 firefighters who believe from experience that Oak Flat is sacred. They have no other explanation for what happened.&nbsp; Other areas were damaged, but most of Oak Flat is unsinged.&nbsp; The ancient oaks in the campground are alive and well, rooted deep into the underground water flow and covered with acorns.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.38; background-color:#ffffff"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Here's what I think…</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.38; background-color:#ffffff"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">When we pray, we put the power at God’s disposal, the power with which God has imbued us from creation and through our life partnering with God’s sacred struggle. There are times when what we long for does not come about in the short run.&nbsp; The physical and political powers allied with evil have their way for the day.&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.38; background-color:#ffffff"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">When we pray, we join power entrusted to us into God’s hands as allies together with the angels and spirits of the land.&nbsp; There are times when what is holy is protected.&nbsp; The fire stops and turns. Life has its way. The land transfer is delayed or even stopped.&nbsp; Those days are a foretaste of where all creation is going, together.&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span></span><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.38; background-color:#ffffff"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">CPT has been supporting the Apache Stronghold to protect Chich’il Bildagoteel, sacred land also known as Oak Flat, through online action and prayer and the presence of trained CPTers, Carol Rose, Martin Bates and Janie Stein.&nbsp; We have been organizing prayer and action both online and in-person at Oak Flat and in Tucson. Congregations and individuals have joined in prayer and in the call for the U.S. government to repeal the land swap with Resolution Copper (owned by Rio Tinto) that threatens Oak Flat and honour religious freedom and the integrity of creation.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.38; background-color:#ffffff"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">In March 2021, we celebrated a huge, though temporary, victory when the US Department of Agriculture withdrew the Environmental Impact Statement that the previous administration had rushed through Congress.&nbsp; This victory postponed the land transfer to the mining company.&nbsp; It came the week following an intertribal prayer run and annual gathering at Oak Flat.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.38; background-color:#ffffff"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Since then, there have been more gatherings in person and online.&nbsp; Apache Stronghold is back home after a recent time advocating in person with congress in Washington DC regarding the&nbsp; Save Oak Flat Act. The House may consider the Act as soon as later this month if we continue to gather co-sponsors successfully. There is an interfaith gathering being planned soon in Washington DC.&nbsp; Stay tuned!</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.38; background-color:#ffffff"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">The Apache Stronghold continues to lead the struggle.&nbsp; We are grateful to be welcomed into it.&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.38; background-color:#ffffff"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Next steps:</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <ul> <li aria-level="1" style="list-style-type:disc"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Keep praying for Oak Flat and for those struggling to defend it.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li aria-level="1" style="list-style-type:disc"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Learn and share.&nbsp; We recommend the recent 8-minute film </span></span></span></span></span></span><a href="https://vimeo.com/521939211" style="text-decoration:none"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#1155cc"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:underline"><span style="-webkit-text-decoration-skip:none"><span style="text-decoration-skip-ink:none">The sacred Battle for Oak Flat</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></a><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none"> and many other resources shared by the </span></span></span></span></span></span><a href="http://apache-stronghold.com/" style="text-decoration:none"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#1155cc"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:underline"><span style="-webkit-text-decoration-skip:none"><span style="text-decoration-skip-ink:none">Apache Stronghold</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></a><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li aria-level="1" style="list-style-type:disc"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Put spiritual and political pressure on the US Senate and House of Representatives to pass the Save Oak Flat Act.</span></span></span></span></span></span> <ul> <li aria-level="2" style="list-style-type:circle"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Are you from the United States?&nbsp; Have your people in congress co-sponsored yet?&nbsp; Thank them, or persistently invite them to do so! (find lists of co-sponsors at </span></span></span></span></span></span><a href="https://www.congress.gov/bill/117th-congress/house-bill/1884/cosponsors" style="text-decoration:none"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#1155cc"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:underline"><span style="-webkit-text-decoration-skip:none"><span style="text-decoration-skip-ink:none">HR 1884</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></a><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none"> and </span></span></span></span></span></span><a href="https://www.congress.gov/bill/117th-congress/senate-bill/915/cosponsors" style="text-decoration:none"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#1155cc"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:underline"><span style="-webkit-text-decoration-skip:none"><span style="text-decoration-skip-ink:none">S-915</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></a><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">)</span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li aria-level="2" style="list-style-type:circle"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Pray for the Arizona Senators as their support will set free other senators.&nbsp; Particularly pray for and invite </span></span></span></span></span></span><a href="https://www.kelly.senate.gov/" style="text-decoration:none"><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#1155cc"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:underline"><span style="-webkit-text-decoration-skip:none"><span style="text-decoration-skip-ink:none">Arizona Senator Mark Kelly</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></a><span style="font-size:11pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#222222"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none"> to cosponsor even if you are not his constituent.&nbsp; Loop everyone you know in Arizona into the effort!</span></span></span></span></span></span></li> </ul> </li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> <div> <div>Categories</div> <div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1484" hreflang="en">Turtle Island Solidarity Network</a></div> <div><a href="/taxonomy/term/1430" hreflang="en">United States</a></div> </div> </div> Thu, 08 Jul 2021 08:02:06 +0000 Hannah 12536 at https://cpt.org