Introduction to At-Tuwani and the South Hebron Hills

At-Tuwani is a Palestinian village of about 250-300 people in the South Hebron Hills, just south of Route 317, an Israeli settler bypass road.  The Ma’on settlement (northeast), Havat Ma’on outpost (east), and Avigail outpost (southwest) surround the village.  At-Tuwani residents primarily draw their income from subsistence farming.  At-Tuwani serves as a gateway for other villages in the region to Yatta, the main urban center for the area, and as a civic and social hub for the area because of the elementary school, medical clinic, women's cooperative, and mosque there.

The South Hebron Hills region is one of the most remote and sparsely populated areas of the West Bank – completely in Area C, and under full Israeli military and civil control.  Seventeen small Palestinian villages are included in the area with a population of approximately 1,100.  Israeli settlers began constructing settlements in the area in the 1980s and there are now more than a dozen settlements and outposts there, as well as Israeli military installations.

Residents of At-Tuwani and surrounding villages nonviolently resist Israeli settler violence and military occupation, by continuing to live on and work their land.  Farmers organize nonviolent direct actions in coordination with Israeli and international activists, to work on their lands.  Children, teachers, and local residents organize solidarity marches to support the children in the region who face settler violence and harassment on their journey to school.  The South Hebron Hills Popular Resistance Committee coordinates the nonviolent resistance in the region and is connected to other popular resistance committees in other regions of the West Bank.